Sabrina Ghim

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Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
The genes encoding the six pyrimidine biosynthesis enzymes from the thermophile Bacillus caldolyticus were characterized by cloning and complementation in Escherichia coli, and by nucleotide sequence analysis. Nine cistrons are clustered within an 11 kb region of the chromosome, the gene order being: orf1-pyrB-pyrC-pyrAa-pyrAb-orf2-p yrD-pyrF-pyrE. This(More)
A transcriptional attenuation mechanism for the regulation of pyr operon expression in Bacillus subtilis in which the PyrR regulatory protein binds pyr mRNA at three sites with similar sequences to cause transcription termination in response to elevated pyrimidine nucleotide pools has been proposed (R. J. Turner, Y. Lu, and R. L. Switzer, J. Bacteriol.(More)
A 3-kb DNA segment of the Bacillus caldolyticus genome including the 5' end end of the pyr cluster has been cloned and sequenced. The sequence revealed the presence of two open reading frames, pyrR and pyrP, located immediately upstream of the previously sequenced pyrB gene encoding the pyrimidine biosynthesis enzyme aspartate transcarbamoylase. The pyrR(More)
The 5' end of the Enterococcus faecalis pyr operon specifies, in order, the promoter, a 5' untranslated leader, the pyrR gene encoding the regulatory protein for the operon, a 39-nucleotide (nt) intercistronic region, the pyrP gene encoding a uracil permease, a 13-nt intercistronic region, and the pyrB gene encoding aspartate transcarbamylase. The 5' leader(More)
Nasopharyngeal secretions from 484 children hospitalized during the winter of 1985/1986 were systematically obtained and tested by immunofluorescence staining. Three monoclonal antibodies against RSV were used in each test: RS-18.B2 which recognized all antigenic strains previously tested (4), RS-3.A23 which recognized the strains antigenically similar to(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies against influenza A virus were assessed for use as diagnostic reagents in an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) of nasopharyngeal secretions. Monoclonal antibody IA-52, directed at an internal antigen, reacted with all influenza A tested. The high stability of this epitope permitted its use in a rapid IFA test, which gave(More)
The pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic (pyr) operon in Bacillus subtilis is regulated by a transcriptional attenuation mechanism in which PyrR, a bifunctional pyr RNA-binding attenuation protein/uracil phosphoribosyltransferase, plays a crucial role. A convenient procedure for isolation of pyrR mutants with defects in the regulation of pyr operon expression(More)
As part of the Bacillus subtilis genome sequencing project, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of an 8000-bp fragment downstream of the sspC gene (184 degrees) of the B. subtilis 168 chromosome. The sequence analysis shows that the sspC gene is located inside of the SP beta region, which differs from the current genetic map of B. subtilis 168.(More)
Gitelman’s syndrome is a relatively uncommon disease state that has been estimated to affect about 1 in 40,000 individuals [1]. It is often diagnosed in childhood [2] and caused by a defect in the SLC12A3 gene which has an adverse impact on the NCCT transporter, a transporter critical for renal electrolyte homeostasis. The NCCT transport is a key player in(More)