Learn More
Motion artifacts are a significant source of noise in many functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) experiments. Despite this, there is no well-established method for their removal. Instead, functional trials of fNIRS data containing a motion artifact are often rejected completely. However, in most experimental circumstances the number of trials is(More)
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) uses near-infrared light to measure cortical concentration changes in oxygenated (HbO) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (HbR) held to be correlated with cognitive activity. Providing a parametric depiction of such changes in the classic form of stimulus-evoked hemodynamic responses (HRs) can be attained with this(More)
The wondrous innovations bound to the introduction of functional near-infrared spectroscopy in cognitive neuroscience are characterized by a multifaceted nature, ranging from technological improvements to sophisticated signal processing methods; the outstanding progress enabled scientists to investigate a variety of hard-to-test clinical populations and to(More)
In recent years, it has been demonstrated that using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) channels with short separations to explicitly sample extra-cerebral tissues can provide a significant improvement in the accuracy and reliability of fNIRS measurements. The aim of these short-separation channels is to measure the same superficial hemodynamics(More)
Here, we studied posture and movement coordination adopted by expert climbers. The investigation of such expertise might be of particular interest to gain understanding about the mechanisms underlying the biomechanical control of vertical quadrupedal locomotion. A novel custom setup was developed to analyze the motion of the center-of-mass (COM) and(More)
Studies employing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have highlighted a covariation between the amplitude of hemodynamic responses recorded in primary and supplementary motor areas (M1 and SMA) and the duration of a motor task. A subset of these studies have hinted to a possible functional dissociation between processing carried out in these(More)
Diffuse optical tomography is most accurate when an individual's MRI data can be used as a spatial prior for image reconstruction and for visualization of the resulting images of changes in oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration. As this necessitates an MRI scan to be performed for each study, which undermines many of the advantages of diffuse optical(More)
Seizures in the newborn brain represent a major challenge to neonatal medicine. Neonatal seizures are poorly classified, under-diagnosed, difficult to treat and are associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Video-EEG is the current gold-standard approach for seizure detection and monitoring. Interpreting neonatal EEG requires expertise and the impact(More)
Functional hyperaemia, characterised as an increase in concentration of oxyhaemoglobin [HbO2] and a decrease in concentration of deoxyhaemoglobin [HHb] in response to neuronal activity, can be precisely mapped using diffuse optical spectroscopy. However, such techniques do not directly measure changes in metabolic activity during neuronal activation.(More)
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a non-invasive optical neuroimaging method used to investigate functional activity of the cerebral cortex evoked by cognitive, visual, auditory and motor tasks, detecting regional changes of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration. Accurate estimation of the stimulus-evoked hemodynamic response (HR) from(More)