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AIM Drug-eluting stents are widely used to prevent restenosis but are associated with late endothelial damage. To understand the basis for this effect, we have studied the consequences of a prolonged incubation with rapamycin on the viability and functions of endothelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS Human umbilical vein or aorta endothelial cells were(More)
Angiogenesis has a critical role in the pathophysiology of multiple myeloma (MM); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are not completely elucidated. The new tumor-suppressor gene inhibitor of growth family member 4 (ING4) has been recently implicated in solid tumors as a repressor of angiogenesis. In this study, we found that ING4(More)
The biologic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) bone disease are not completely understood. Recent evidence suggests that T cells may regulate bone resorption through the cross-talk between the critical osteoclastogenetic factor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) that(More)
Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have increased bone marrow (BM) angiogenesis; however, the proangiogenic properties of myeloma cells and the mechanisms of MM-induced angiogenesis are not completely clarified. The angiopoietin system has been identified as critical in the regulation of vessel formation. In this study we have demonstrated that myeloma(More)
Decreased bone formation contributes to the development of bone lesions in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. In this study, we have investigated the effects of myeloma cells on osteoblast formation and differentiation and the potential role of the critical osteoblast transcription factor RUNX2/CBFA1 (Runt-related transcription factor 2/core-binding factor(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The chemokine receptor CXCR3, involved in chemotaxis, is expressed on normal and malignant B cells and plasma cells. Recent data suggest that CXCR3-binding chemokines may also regulate proliferation and survival in endothelial cells through the interaction with two distinct isoforms of CXCR3 (CXCR3-A and CXCR3-B). DESIGN AND(More)
The involvement of osteocytes in multiple myeloma (MM)-induced osteoclast (OCL) formation and bone lesions is still unknown. Osteocytes regulate bone remodelling at least partially, as a result of their cell death triggering OCL recruitment. In this study, we found that the number of viable osteocytes was significantly smaller in MM patients than in healthy(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional bone matrix glycoprotein that is involved in angiogenesis, cell survival and tumor progression. In this study we show that human myeloma cells directly produce OPN and express its major regulating gene Runx2/Cbfa1. The activity of Runx2/Cbfa1 protein in human myeloma cells has also been demonstrated. Moreover, using(More)
The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib may increase osteoblast-related markers in multiple myeloma (MM) patients; however, its potential osteoblastic stimulatory effect is not known. In this study, we show that bortezomib significantly induced a stimulatory effect on osteoblast markers in human mesenchymal cells without affecting the number of osteoblast(More)
The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) cascade leading to the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) is critical for regulating myeloma cell growth; however, the relationship of ERK1/2 activity with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production and the effects of its downmodulation in myeloma cells are not elucidated. We found(More)