Sabrina Bonomini

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Angiogenesis has a critical role in the pathophysiology of multiple myeloma (MM); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are not completely elucidated. The new tumor-suppressor gene inhibitor of growth family member 4 (ING4) has been recently implicated in solid tumors as a repressor of angiogenesis. In this study, we found that ING4(More)
The bone marrow microenvironment in multiple myeloma is characterized by an increased microvessel density. The production of pro-angiogenic molecules is increased and the production of angiogenic inhibitors is suppressed, leading to an “angiogenic switch”. Here we present an overview of the role of angiogenesis in multiple myeloma, the pro-angiogenic(More)
The involvement of osteocytes in multiple myeloma (MM)-induced osteoclast (OCL) formation and bone lesions is still unknown. Osteocytes regulate bone remodelling at least partially, as a result of their cell death triggering OCL recruitment. In this study, we found that the number of viable osteocytes was significantly smaller in MM patients than in healthy(More)
Decreased bone formation contributes to the development of bone lesions in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. In this study, we have investigated the effects of myeloma cells on osteoblast formation and differentiation and the potential role of the critical osteoblast transcription factor RUNX2/CBFA1 (Runt-related transcription factor 2/core-binding factor(More)
The biologic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) bone disease are not completely understood. Recent evidence suggests that T cells may regulate bone resorption through the cross-talk between the critical osteoclastogenetic factor, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) that(More)
Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have increased bone marrow (BM) angiogenesis; however, the proangiogenic properties of myeloma cells and the mechanisms of MM-induced angiogenesis are not completely clarified. The angiopoietin system has been identified as critical in the regulation of vessel formation. In this study we have demonstrated that myeloma(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The chemokine receptor CXCR3, involved in chemotaxis, is expressed on normal and malignant B cells and plasma cells. Recent data suggest that CXCR3-binding chemokines may also regulate proliferation and survival in endothelial cells through the interaction with two distinct isoforms of CXCR3 (CXCR3-A and CXCR3-B). DESIGN AND(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional bone matrix glycoprotein that is involved in angiogenesis, cell survival and tumor progression. In this study we show that human myeloma cells directly produce OPN and express its major regulating gene Runx2/Cbfa1. The activity of Runx2/Cbfa1 protein in human myeloma cells has also been demonstrated. Moreover, using(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by the impaired osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs). Canonical Wnt signaling is critical for the regulation of bone formation, however, recent evidence suggests that the non-canonical Wnt agonist Wnt5a stimulates human osteoblastogenesis through its co-receptor Ror2. The effects of MM(More)