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The presence of erythrovirus infections was investigated by PCR with bone marrow samples of patients with various parvovirus B19-related hematological symptoms. Erythrovirus DNA was found in 17.3% (12/69) of patients. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that five strains cluster with genotype 1, one clusters with genotype 2, and six cluster with genotype 3. Our(More)
The occurrence of chronic myeloid leukemia in pregnancy is rare and its management poses a clinical challenge for physicians treating these patients. We report a 30-year-old woman with chronic myeloid leukemia who became pregnant twice successfully. Philadelphia-positive CML in its chronic phase was diagnosed at 16 weeks of her first gestation. At that(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify a new circulating recombinant form (CRF) of HIV-1 comprising two circulating subtypes in the southern region in Brazil, subtypes B and C. METHODS A total of 152 HIV-positive patients followed at two hospitals in southern Brazil had their viral pol genes isolated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from plasma.(More)
Recombination is one of the major mechanisms contributing to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) variability. Analysis of pol gene sequences of 215 HIV-1 samples from São Paulo, Brazil classified 189 sequences as subtype B (87.9%), 8 sequences as subtype F (3.7%), and 18 sequences (8.4%) as B/F recombinants. After the analysis of the pol gene, a(More)
BACKGROUND Great efforts have been made to increase accessibility of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low and middle-income countries. The threat of wide-scale emergence of drug resistance could severely hamper ART scale-up efforts. Population-based surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance ensures the use of appropriate first-line regimens to(More)
In this retrospective study we evaluated the pretherapeutic mRNA expression of the hOCT1 (human organic cation transporter 1) gene in patients with chronic-phase (CP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who varied in terms of their response to imatinib (IM). hOCT1 mRNA was quantified by real-time PCR. Patients were classified as expressing either high (n = 44) or(More)
Rapid evolution and high intrahost sequence diversity are hallmarks of human and simian immunodeficiency virus (HIV/SIV) infection. Minor viral variants have important implications for drug resistance, receptor tropism, and immune evasion. Here, we used ultradeep pyrosequencing to sequence complete HIV/SIV genomes, detecting variants present at a frequency(More)
The most prevalent HIV-1 clade in the global epidemics is C, and this clade is also becoming important in the Brazilian epidemics. In this study, we characterized HIV-1 subtype C variants by sequencing their near full-length genomes. DNA was extracted from six samples previously classified in our laboratory as subtype C on the basis of partial genome(More)
We report our experience in 4 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who had discontinued imatinib as a result of adverse events and had switched to dasatinib. The chronic phase (n 2) and accelerated phase (n 2) CML patients received dasatinib at starting dose of 100 and 140 mg once daily, respectively. Reappearance of hematological toxicity was(More)
The T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3 (Tim-3) receptor is highly expressed on HIV-1-specific T cells, rendering them partially "exhausted" and unable to contribute to the effective immune mediated control of viral replication. To elucidate novel mechanisms contributing to the HTLV-1 neurological complex and its classic neurological presentation called HAM/TSP(More)