Learn More
Plant chloroplasts originated from an endosymbiotic event by which an ancestor of contemporary cyanobacteria was engulfed by an early eukaryotic cell and then transformed into an organelle. Oxygenic photosynthesis is the specific feature of cyanobacteria and chloroplasts, and the photosynthetic machinery resides in an internal membrane system, the(More)
The conversion of light to chemical energy by the process of photosynthesis is localized to the thylakoid membrane network in plant chloroplasts. Although several pathways have been described that target proteins into and across the thylakoids, little is known about the origin of this membrane system or how the lipid backbone of the thylakoids is(More)
Elevated blood levels of S100B in neuropsychiatric disorders have so far been mainly attributed to glial pathologies. However, increases or dysfunction of adipose tissue may be alternatively responsible. Our study assessed S100B serum levels in 60 adult subjects without a prior history of neuropsychiatric disorders. S100B concentrations were closely(More)
Several studies have shown that circulating S100B protein levels are elevated in schizophrenia. This finding has been specifically attributed to glial pathology, as S100B is produced by astroand oligodendroglial cells and is thought to act as a neurotrophic factor with effects on synaptogenesis, dopaminergic and glutamatergic neutrotransmission. However,(More)
Chloroplasts are endosymbiotic organelles of cyanobacterial origin. It seems reasonable to assume that cell division and organelle division still share general principles, as shown for the FtsZ proteins. However, further components involved in this process are largely unknown. Here we describe ARTEMIS, a nuclear-encoded protein of chloroplast inner envelope(More)
BACKGROUND At present, recent ethanol consumption can be routinely detected with certainty only by direct measurement of ethanol concentration in blood or urine. Because ethanol is rapidly eliminated from the circulation, however, the time span for this detection is in the range of hours. Several new markers have been proposed to extend the detection(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variations of UDP-glucuronyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) influence the concentration of serum bilirubin. We investigated the association of four common polymorphisms including UGT1A1-53(TA)(n), and common haplotypes of the UGT1A1 gene with bilirubin levels in 218 Caucasian volunteers. METHODS Total bilirubin was measured in serum of 218(More)
Interestingly, plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration is consistently higher in men than in women. This observation deserves further investigations because elevated tHcy concentrations have been shown to be independently associated with coronary, peripheral, and cerebral vascular diseases. It was the aim of the present study to define major(More)
The present study in the South American rodent Octodon degus shows for the first time that the postnatal development of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in this semi-precocial species differs from that of altricial rodents, i.e. rats or mice, in several aspects. Our experiments revealed a particular pattern of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis(More)