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Polymophonuclear cells (PMN) of healthy donors do not express major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigens or the T-cell costimulatory molecules CD80 or CD86. Expression of these receptors, however, is seen in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. We now report that, by culturing PMN of healthy donors with autologous serum,(More)
Persistent, localized Staphylococcus aureus infections, refractory to antibiotic treatment, can result in massive tissue destruction and surgical intervention is often the only therapeutic option. In that context, we investigated patients with S. aureus-induced infection at various sites, apparent as either olecranon bursitis, empyema of the knee joint or(More)
The complement receptor 3 (CR3; CD11b/CD18) is present exclusively on leukocytes, particularly on NK cells, monocytes and polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Approximately 10% of peripheral T lymphocytes and, as we found now mainly CD8(+) cells, expressed CD11b. Upon stimulation, however, expression of CD11b was up-regulated also on CD4(+) cells. Stimulation of(More)
Bacteria communicate with one another via specialized signaling molecules, known as quorum sensing molecules or autoinducers. The Pseudomonas aeruginosa-derived quorum sensing molecule N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone (AHL-12), however, also activates mammalian cells. As shown previously, AHL-12-induced chemotaxis, up-regulated CD11b expression, and(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are in the first line of defense against bacterial infections. They are considered to be end-differentiated cells undergoing constitutive apoptosis within hours after release from the bone marrow. During pathological events, however, their life span is extended in conjunction with morphological and functional alterations(More)
The receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) is especially well studied in the context of bone remodeling, and RANK and its ligand, RANKL, are key molecules in the induction of bone resorbing osteoclasts. We now report that polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) contain preformed RANK, stored in secretory vesicles and in specific granules. Upon stimulation of PMNs(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) produce an abundance of bactericidal and cytotoxic molecules consistent with their role as first-line defense against bacterial infection. PMNs, however, also cause efficient cellular cytotoxicity when targeted through Fc receptors to appropriate antibody-coated target cells. Although this so-called antibody-dependent(More)
The modulation the specific, adaptive immune response by complement, particularly of by complement C3, is mainly attributed to its interaction with complement receptors on B-lymphocytes. The function of complement receptors on T-lymphocytes, in contrast, is less well understood, although expression of the complement receptor (CR)1 and CR3 on T-cells has(More)
Monocytes have the potential to differentiate to either macrophages, dendritic cells, or to osteoclasts. The microenvironment, particularly cytokines, directs the monocyte differentiation. Receptors of NFκB (RANK) ligand, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, or interleukin- (IL-) 8 have be identified as inducers of osteoclastogenesis, whereas others, such as(More)
Bone infections of patients with joint replacement by endoprosthesis (so called "periprosthetic joint infection") pose a severe problem in the field of orthopedic surgery. The diagnosis is often difficult, and treatment is, in most cases, complicated and prolonged. Patients often require an implant exchange surgery, as the persistent infection and the(More)