Tissue-specific transcription factors play an essential role in establishing cell identity during development. We review our knowledge of the molecular events involved in the activation of the gene encoding the tissue-specific transcription factor HNF1 alpha (LFB1). The available data suggest that the maternal factors OZ-1, HNF4 alpha and HNF4 beta act as… (More)
The use of Cre and FLP recombinases to analyze embryogenesis and organogenesis in Xenopus has not been applied so far. We report on the generation of transgenic Xenopus animals containing a Cre-activated reporter gene cassette expressing blue fluorescent protein that can be switched over to yellow fluorescent protein expression upon Cre-mediated… (More)
Dysfunction of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) has been linked to maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY1), diabetes type II and possibly to renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Whereas diabetes causing mutations are well known, there are no HNF4A mutations found in RCC. Since so far analyses have been constricted to the promoter and open reading frame of… (More)
BACKGROUND The three distinct types of kidneys, pronephros, mesonephros and metanephros, develop consecutively in vertebrates. The earliest form of embryonic kidney, the pronephros, is derived from intermediate mesoderm and the first expressed genes localized in the pronephros anlage are the transcription factors osr1, osr2, hnf1b, lhx1 and pax8, here… (More)
Dysfunction of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4a (HNF4a) has been linked to maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY1), diabetes type II and possibly to renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Whereas diabetes causing mutations are well known, there are no HNF4A mutations found in RCC. Since so far analyses have been constricted to the promoter and open reading frame of… (More)
Background: To analyze gene function in mammalian cells tetracycline inducible expression of a gene-of-interest at a specific genomic location (Flp-In T-REx™) is most attractive. However, leakiness of basal transgene expression and artificially high expression level upon tetracycline addition may be disadvantageous.
Recent data demonstrate a structural and functional conservation of factors crucial for the development of the insect and the vertebrate eye. We isolated Xenopus siah-2, a protein with 67% identity to Drosophila sina (seven in absentia) and 85% identity to the mouse and human siah-2 proteins. Sina is required in Drosophila for the R7 photoreceptor cell… (More)
DCoH, the dimerization cofactor of the HNF-1 homeodomain proteins (hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha and beta), is involved in gene expression by associating with these transcription factors. The protein also called PCD for pterin-4alpha-carbinolamine dehydratase is a bifunctional factor as it catalyzes also the regeneration of tetrahydrobiopterin. This… (More)