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The transcription factor LFB1 (HNF1) was initially identified as a regulator of liver-specific gene expression in mammals. It interacts with the promoter element HP1, which is functionally conserved between mammals and amphibians, suggesting that a homologous factor, XLFB1, also exists in Xenopus laevis. To study the role of LFB1 in early development, we(More)
The transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 1beta (HNF1beta) is a tissue-specific regulator that also plays an essential role in early development of vertebrates. In humans, four heterozygous mutations in the HNF1beta gene have been identified that lead to early onset of diabetes and severe primary renal defects. The degree and type of renal defects(More)
Using the rat insulinoma cell line INS-1 we generated beta-cell clones that are most efficient for gene transfer, as they contain an FRT site for Flp recombinase-mediated, site-directed integration of a single copy transgene. Therefore, the gene-of-interest can be introduced by DNA transfection without the need to select individual cell clones.(More)
Drosophila enhancer of rudimentary [e(r)] interacts genetically with the rudimentary gene, which encodes a protein possessing the first three enzymatic activities of the pyrimidine biosynthesis pathway. A regulatory or enzymatic activity of e(r) in pyrimidine biosynthesis and the cell cycle has been suggested, but nothing is known about its molecular(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 (HNF4) was first identified as a DNA binding activity in rat liver nuclear extracts. Protein purification had then led to the cDNA cloning of rat HNF4, which was found to be an orphan member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. Binding sites for this factor were identified in many tissue-specifically expressed genes, and the(More)
BACKGROUND The three distinct types of kidneys, pronephros, mesonephros and metanephros, develop consecutively in vertebrates. The earliest form of embryonic kidney, the pronephros, is derived from intermediate mesoderm and the first expressed genes localized in the pronephros anlage are the transcription factors osr1, osr2, hnf1b, lhx1 and pax8, here(More)
The use of Cre and FLP recombinases to analyze embryogenesis and organogenesis in Xenopus has not been applied so far. We report on the generation of transgenic Xenopus animals containing a Cre-activated reporter gene cassette expressing blue fluorescent protein that can be switched over to yellow fluorescent protein expression upon Cre-mediated(More)
Dysfunction of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) has been linked to maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY1), diabetes type II and possibly to renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Whereas diabetes causing mutations are well known, there are no HNF4A mutations found in RCC. Since so far analyses have been constricted to the promoter and open reading frame of(More)
The transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 (HNF4) is an orphan member of the nuclear receptor superfamily expressed in mammals in liver, kidney, and the digestive tract. Recently, we isolated the Xenopus homolog of mammalian HNF4 and revealed that it is not only a tissue-specific transcription factor but also a maternal component of the Xenopus(More)
Tissue-specific transcription factors play an essential role in establishing cell identity during development. We review our knowledge of the molecular events involved in the activation of the gene encoding the tissue-specific transcription factor HNF1 alpha (LFB1). The available data suggest that the maternal factors OZ-1, HNF4 alpha and HNF4 beta act as(More)