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The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Olig1 promotes oligodendrocyte maturation and is required for myelin repair. We characterized an Olig1-regulated G protein-coupled receptor, GPR17, whose function is to oppose the action of Olig1. Gpr17 was restricted to oligodendrocyte lineage cells, but was downregulated during the peak period of myelination(More)
The butyrophilin and butyrophilin-like superfamily of molecules has garnered attention in the immunology world in the past few years as a result of the observation that the butyrophilin-like 2 molecule, BTNL2, can alter T cell responsiveness. Additional interest in this superfamily solidified following the discovery that genetic polymorphisms in BTNL2 are(More)
The hormonal form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], inhibits the proliferation of T lymphocytes and production of growth-promoting factors (including interleukin-2) (IL2) in CTLL2 murine cells. In this study, we investigated the role of monocytes in this hormone-mediated inhibitory effect, by testing the effects of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on the(More)
We have recently described a novel hematopoietic growth factor, referred to as the flt3 ligand, that stimulates the proliferation of sub-populations of hematopoietic cells that are enriched for stem and progenitor cells. This factor is a transmembrane protein that undergoes proteolytic cleavage to generate a soluble form of the protein. We have isolated(More)
Butyrophilin-like 2 (BTNL2) is a butyrophilin family member with homology to the B7 costimulatory molecules, polymorphisms of which have been recently associated through genetic analyses to sporadic inclusion body myositis and sarcoidosis. We have characterized the full structure, expression, and function of BTNL2. Structural analysis of BTNL2 shows a(More)
Expression of the flt3 tyrosine kinase receptor and its ligand were examined on various murine and human hematopoietic cell lines. Surface expression of flt3 receptor and flt3 ligand were detected by flow cytometry using biotinylated human flt3 ligand or biotinylated soluble human flt3 receptor Fc fusion protein (flt3R-Fc), respectively. Flt3 receptor and(More)
Using a fragment of the murine flt3 ligand as a probe, we have succeeded in cloning a human flt3 ligand from a human T-cell lambda gt10 cDNA library. The human and murine ligands are 72% identical at the amino acid level. Analysis of multiple cDNA clones shows that alternative splicing of the human flt3 mRNA can occur at a number of positions. A recombinant(More)
mdr1a-deficient mice lack P-glycoprotein and spontaneously develop colitis with age. Helicobacter spp. are gram-negative organisms that have been associated with colitis in certain mouse strains, but Helicobacter spp. have been excluded as contributing to the spontaneous colitis that develops in mdr1a-/- mice. We wished to determine whether infection with(More)
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by airway inflammation and hyperreactivity. IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) is a shared receptor subunit required for activity of IL-17 family cytokines, including IL-17A and IL-25. IL-17A and IL-25 induce different proinflammatory responses, and concentrations are elevated in subjects with asthma. However, the(More)
Naive T cell activation involves at least two signals from an APC, one through the TCR via interaction with peptide-MHC complexes and a second through ligation of CD28 with B7 ligands. Following activation, T cells upregulate a host of other membrane-bound costimulatory molecules that can either promote or inhibit further T cell maturation and(More)