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OBJECTIVE Percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) is an important rehabilitation alternative for patients who have conductive or mixed hearing loss. However, these devices use a percutaneous and bone-anchored implant that has some drawbacks reported. A transcutaneous bone conduction implant system (BCI) is proposed as an alternative to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on preoperative assessment, surgery, and audiologic outcome of the first patient implanted with the bone conduction implant (BCI). BACKGROUND The BCI is a bone conduction hearing device with an intact skin solution where the transducer is implanted close to the ear canal opening. By avoiding a percutaneous screw attachment to the(More)
Percutaneous bone anchored hearing aids (BAHA) are today an important rehabilitation alternative for patients suffering from conductive or mixed hearing loss. Despite their success they are associated with drawbacks such as skin infections, accidental or spontaneous loss of the bone implant, and patient refusal for treatment due to stigma. A novel bone(More)
An acoustical model using simplified ear anatomy was designed to predict the ear-canal sound pressure occlusion effect in humans. These predictions were compared perceptually as well as with ear-canal sound pressure occlusion effect measurements using a foam earplug with shallow insertion, a foam earplug with deep insertion into the bony part of the ear(More)
The relationship between the bone conduction (BC) part and the air conduction (AC) part of one's own voice has previously not been well determined. This relation is important for hearing impaired subjects as a hearing aid affects these two parts differently and thereby changes the perception of one's own voice. A large ear-muff that minimized the occlusion(More)
Bone conduction (BC) relative to air conduction (AC) sound field sensitivity is here defined as the perceived difference between a sound field transmitted to the ear by BC and by AC. Previous investigations of BC-AC sound field sensitivity have used different estimation methods and report estimates that vary by up to 20 dB at some frequencies. In this(More)
The vibration velocity of the lateral semicircular canal and the cochlear promontory was measured on 16 subjects with a unilateral middle ear common cavity, using a laser Doppler vibrometer, when the stimulation was by bone conduction (BC). Four stimulation positions were used: three ipsilateral positions and one contralateral position. Masked BC pure tone(More)
Bone conduction sound transmission in the human skull and the occlusion effect were estimated from hearing thresholds and ear-canal sound pressure (ECSP) measured by a probe tube microphone when stimulation was at three positions on the skull (ipsilateral mastoid, contralateral mastoid, and forehead). The measurements were done with the ear-canal open as(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone conduction (BC) stimulation closer to the cochlea has previously been shown to give higher cochlear promontory acceleration measured by laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV). This study is investigating whether stimulation closer to the cochlea also gives improved hearing sensitivity. Furthermore, the study compares shifts in hearing sensitivity (BC(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to describe the technical design and verify the technical performance of a new bone conduction implant (BCI) system. DESIGN The BCI consists of an external audio processor and an implanted unit called the bridging bone conductor. These two units use an inductive link to communicate with each other through the(More)