Sabine Neuss

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Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) are adult stem cells with multipotent capacities. The ability of mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into many cell types, as well as their high ex vivo expansion potential, makes these cells an attractive therapeutic tool for cell transplantation and tissue engineering. hMSC are thought to contribute to tissue(More)
Gold nanoparticles are widely used in biomedical imaging and diagnostic tests. Based on their established use in the laboratory and the chemical stability of Au(0), gold nanoparticles were expected to be safe. The recent literature, however, contains conflicting data regarding the cytotoxicity of gold nanoparticles. Against this background a systematic(More)
In contrast to pluripotent embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells have been considered to be multipotent, being somewhat more restricted in their differentiation capacity and only giving rise to cell types related to their tissue of origin. Several studies, however, have reported that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are capable of(More)
The mechanical and physicochemical effects of three-dimensional (3D) printable hydrogels on cell behavior are paramount features to consider before manufacturing functional tissues. We hypothesize that besides good printability and cytocompatibility of a supporting hydrogel for the manufacture of individual tissues, it is equally essential to consider(More)
Adult human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) are involved in wound healing and regeneration of mesodermal tissue, but the underlying homing mechanisms are not well understood. Fibrin clot formation is associated with most wound healing processes and potentially guides the recruitment of hMSC. The objective of this study is the investigation of a fibrinolytic(More)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are generally considered nontoxic, similar to bulk gold, which is inert and biocompatible. AuNPs of diameter 1.4 nm capped with triphenylphosphine monosulfonate (TPPMS), Au1.4MS, are much more cytotoxic than 15-nm nanoparticles (Au15MS) of similar chemical composition. Here, major cell-death pathways are studied and it is(More)
As a novel and promising therapeutic strategy for heart failure, the application of different cell types is the subject of increasing research interest. In this study we investigated the effect of several cell types and microspheres (uniform polystyrene microspheres, 10 µm diameter) transplanted 4 weeks after induction of myocardial infarction in a rat(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) are able to differentiate into mature cells of various mesenchymal tissues. Recent studies have reported that hMSC may even give rise to cells of ectodermal origin. This indication of plasticity makes hMSC a promising donor source for cell-based therapies. This study explores the differentiation potential of hMSC in a(More)
Researchers working in the field of tissue engineering ideally combine autologous cells and biocompatible scaffolds to replace defect tissues/organs. Due to their differentiation capacity, mesenchym-derived stem cells, such as human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC), are a promising autologous cell source for the treatment of human diseases. As natural(More)
Shape-memory polymers produced from many natural or synthetic raw polymers are able to undergo a shape transformation after exposure to a specific external stimulus. This feature enables their use in minimal-invasive surgery with a small, compact starting material switching over to a more voluminous structure in the body. The use of biomaterials in modern(More)