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Gold nanoparticles are widely used in biomedical imaging and diagnostic tests. Based on their established use in the laboratory and the chemical stability of Au(0), gold nanoparticles were expected to be safe. The recent literature, however, contains conflicting data regarding the cytotoxicity of gold nanoparticles. Against this background a systematic(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to pluripotent embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells have been considered to be multipotent, being somewhat more restricted in their differentiation capacity and only giving rise to cell types related to their tissue of origin. Several studies, however, have reported that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are(More)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are generally considered nontoxic, similar to bulk gold, which is inert and biocompatible. AuNPs of diameter 1.4 nm capped with triphenylphosphine monosulfonate (TPPMS), Au1.4MS, are much more cytotoxic than 15-nm nanoparticles (Au15MS) of similar chemical composition. Here, major cell-death pathways are studied and it is(More)
During early embryogenesis, mesenchymal cells arise from the primitive epithelium and can revert to an epithelial phenotype by passing through mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) of the Wharton's Jelly of the umbilical cord (UC-MSC) express pluripotency markers underlining their primitive developmental state. As(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) are adult stem cells with multipotent capacities. The ability of mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into many cell types, as well as their high ex vivo expansion potential, makes these cells an attractive therapeutic tool for cell transplantation and tissue engineering. hMSC are thought to contribute to tissue(More)
Biomaterials are used in tissue engineering with the aim to repair or reconstruct tissues and organs. Frequently, the identification and development of biomaterials is an iterative process with biomaterials being designed and then individually tested for their properties in combination with one specific cell type. However, recent efforts have been devoted(More)
As a novel and promising therapeutic strategy for heart failure, the application of different cell types is the subject of increasing research interest. In this study we investigated the effect of several cell types and microspheres (uniform polystyrene microspheres, 10 microm diameter) transplanted 4 weeks after induction of myocardial infarction in a rat(More)
Adult human mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow (BM-MSC) represent a promising source for skeletal regeneration. Perinatal MSC from Wharton's Jelly of the umbilical cord (UC-MSC) are expected to possess enhanced differentiation capacities due to partial expression of pluripotency markers. For bone tissue engineering, it is important to analyse in vitro(More)
Adult human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) are involved in wound healing and regeneration of mesodermal tissue, but the underlying homing mechanisms are not well understood. Fibrin clot formation is associated with most wound healing processes and potentially guides the recruitment of hMSC. The objective of this study is the investigation of a fibrinolytic(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) represent an attractive option for cell replacement strategies (tissue engineering, TE). TE applications require stability of a stem cell/biomaterial-hybrid via cell migration, matrix-remodelling and differentiation. We focus on these mechanisms in organotypic culture systems for bone TE using MSC from the umbilical cord(More)