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This paper, which has been reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors of the American Sleep Disorders Association, provides the background for the Standards of Practice Committee's parameters for the practice of sleep medicine in North America. The 21 publications selected for this review describe 320 patients treated with oral appliances for snoring(More)
The role of oral appliances in the routine treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is not well defined. This prospective study attempts to clarify the clinical role of a specific oral appliance, the mandibular repositioning device (MRD). This study evaluated the demographic, polysomnographic, and cephalometric radiographic findings predictive of(More)
Clonazepam (1 mg h.s.) and temazepam (30 mg h.s.) were studied in 10 patients diagnosed as having insomnia with nocturnal myoclonus. Each subject underwent two nocturnal polysomnographic recordings while drug-free, two during treatment with clonazepam, and two during treatment with temazepam. Treatment sessions were 7 days long, and recordings were done on(More)
A non-comparative study was conducted to examine the effects of 80,000 IU vitamin D given in a single dose to 59 pregnant women from northern or southern France between their 27th and 32nd week of gestation during the winter season. Serum levels of 25 hydroxy-vitamin D (25 OH D), intact Parathyroid Hormone (iPTH), calcium, phosphates, proteins were measured(More)
OBJECTIVES Rickets can still be observed among children and adolescents living in Europe, and a significant proportion of healthy children and adolescents presents serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) values below the threshold indicating an insufficient vitamin D status. We have previously proposed detecting at risk individuals with a decision-making(More)
A decision-making table, using three questionnaires, is proposed to determine the vitamin D status in children and adolescents. The first questionnaire assesses the vitamin D endogenous synthesis, taking into account the sunlight exposure and the time interval out of the sun. The second questionnaire quantifies the vitamin D dietary intake within three(More)
We compared the performance of three commercially available anti-double-stranded DNA antibody ELISA kits with respect to their precision, accuracy, linearity, and the detection limit. We tested six sets of patients (lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, hepatitis C, malignancies) to assess specificity, sensitivity, and(More)