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In order to examine the effect of dopamine on semantic processing, we performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Healthy volunteers (n = 31) were tested in a lexical decision paradigm after ingestion of either L-dopa 100 mg with benserazide 25 mg or placebo. While direct semantic priming was influenced only marginally by L-dopa, the indirect(More)
The characteristics of the spread of semantic activation in associative networks in normal subjects, thought-disordered (TD) and nonthought-disordered (NTD) schizophrenic patients with respect to time and semantic distance are examined. Direct and indirect semantic priming effects at two stimulus onset asynchronies (SOA) in a lexical decision task reveal(More)
This study of 70 schizophrenic patients used a lexical decision task involving the recognition of words that were preceded (primed) either by meaningfully or phonologically associated or by nonassociated words to study the intrusion of contextually inappropriate associations in thought disorder (TD). The patients were split into subgroups of TD and non-TD(More)
Schizophrenic patients and normal controls performed a lexical decision task involving the recognition of words which were preceded (primed) by either associated, indirectly associated, or non-associated words. In contrast to normal control subjects who showed no indirect semantic priming effect at an inter-stimulus interval (ISI) of 0 ms, a trend towards(More)
We demonstrate that HLA-G, a nonclassical major histocompatibility complex class I antigen, is expressed in muscle fibers in various inflammatory myopathies. Further, interferon-gamma induces surface expression and upregulation of mRNA transcripts corresponding to different isoforms of HLA-G in myoblasts cultured from control subjects and patients. HLA-G(More)
Healthy subjects performed a lexical decision task in a semantic priming paradigm while event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 64 channels. Semantic distance between prime and target was varied by including directly, indirectly, and nonrelated word pairs. At centro-parietal electrodes an N400 to nonrelated pairs was elicited bilaterally which(More)
PURPOSE We recently reported DNA methylation of the paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 2 (PITX2) gene to be strongly correlated with increased risk of recurrence in node-negative, hormone receptor-positive, tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients using fresh frozen specimens. Aims of the present study were to establish determination of PITX2(More)
Background In this study, we evaluated if PITX2 DNA methylation is a marker for disease recurrence in lymph node-negative (LNN), steroid hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer patients. In addition, we studied the association between PITX2 DNA methylation and PITX2 gene expression. Patients and methods PITX2 DNA-methylation was measured in tumor(More)
Schizophrenic patients (n = 44) and normal controls (n = 50) performed a computerized version of the Stroop color-word interference task. Schizophrenic patients generally showed more Stroop interference than normal subjects. The effect was neither related to demographic variables, nor to actual psychopathology. However, the course of the disorder was(More)
BACKGROUND In schizophrenia, disturbances in the development of physiological hemisphere asymmetry are assumed to play a pathogenetic role. The most striking difference between hemispheres is in language processing. The left hemisphere is superior in the use of syntactic or semantic information, whereas the right hemisphere uses contextual information more(More)