Sabine M. Ivison

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Flagellin, the major structural subunit of bacterial flagella, potently induces inflammatory responses in mammalian cells by activating Toll-like receptor (TLR) 5. Like other TLRs, TLR5 recruits signalling molecules to its intracellular TIR domain, leading to inflammatory responses. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) has been reported to play a role in(More)
Protein kinase D (PKD), also called protein kinase C (PKC)mu, is a serine-threonine kinase that is involved in diverse areas of cellular function such as lymphocyte signaling, oxidative stress, and protein secretion. After identifying a putative PKD phosphorylation site in the Toll/IL-1R domain of TLR5, we explored the role of this kinase in the interaction(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial flagellin triggers inflammation in mammalian cells via Toll-like receptor (TLR) 5. Release of the chemokine IL-8 in response to flagellin involves NF-κB, p38 MAP kinase, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). However, PI3K has been reported to be either pro- or anti-inflammatory in different model systems. We hypothesized that this(More)
One of the defining features of the majority of FOXP3(+) Tregs is their inability to produce typical T-cell-derived cytokines. Little is known, however, about their capacity to produce chemokines. As Tregs are constitutively present in, and rapidly traffic to, non-lymphoid tissues, we hypothesized that they may produce chemokines to direct the composition(More)
In adult hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), filgrastim-mobilized peripheral blood (G-PB) has largely replaced unstimulated marrow for allografting. Although the use of G-PB results in faster hematopoietic recovery, it is also associated with more chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). A potential alternative allograft is filgrastim-stimulated(More)
Reports of spontaneous acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remissions following severe bacterial infections suggest that bacterial components may trigger elimination of ALL. To date, TLR2, which recognizes a broad range of bacterial pathogens through TLR1 or TLR6 heterodimerization, has not been fully evaluated for direct effects on ALL. Studies(More)
Cathepsin (Cathepsin) S, L, and B proteases mediate antigen presentation on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II by degrading the invariant chain Ii, which blocks peptide loading. The ability of the Cathepsin S inhibitor LHVS (morpholinurea-leucine-homophenylalanine-vinylsulfone phenyl) to impede antigen presentation has led its development as a(More)
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) remains one of the most significant long-term complications after allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation. Diagnostic biomarkers for cGVHD are needed for early diagnosis and may guide identification of prognostic markers. No cGVHD biomarker has yet been validated for use in clinical practice. We evaluated both(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells act as innate immune sentinels, as the first cells that encounter diarrheal pathogens. They use pattern recognition molecules such as the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) to identify molecular signals found on microbes but not host cells or food components. TLRs cannot generally distinguish the molecular signals on pathogenic bacteria(More)