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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors with essential functions in regulating lipid metabolism. Both the PPARbeta (also referred to as PPARdelta) and PPARgamma subtype have been reported to either attenuate or potentiate tumorigenesis in a number of different models of intestinal and skin(More)
The peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase Pin1 has been implicated in malignant transformation in multiple studies, however, little is known about its potential impact in head and neck cancer. This study evaluates the role of Pin1 in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). Pin1 expression and level of phosphorylation was evaluated by Western blot(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARs) modulate target gene expression in response to unsaturated fatty acid ligands, such as arachidonic acid (AA). Here, we report that the AA metabolite 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) activates the ligand-dependent activation domain (AF2) of PPARbeta/delta in vivo, competes with synthetic agonists in(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily that modulate target gene expression in response to natural fatty acid ligands and synthetic agonists. It is noteworthy that all trans-retinoic acid (atRA) has recently been reported to act as a ligand for PPARbeta/delta, to activate its(More)
BCR/ABL-kinase mutations frequently mediate clinical resistance to the selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor Imatinib mesylate (IM, Gleevec). However, mechanisms that promote survival of BCR/ABL-positive cells before clinically overt IM resistance occurs have poorly been defined so far. Here, we demonstrate that IM-treatment activated the phosphatidylinositol(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors with essential functions in lipid, glucose and energy homeostasis, cell differentiation, inflammation and metabolic disorders, and represent important drug targets. PPARs heterodimerize with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and can form transcriptional activator or repressor complexes at(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-beta (PPARbeta) has been implicated in tumorigenesis, but its precise role remains unclear. Here, we show that the growth of syngeneic Pparb wild-type tumors is impaired in Pparb(-/-) mice, concomitant with a diminished blood flow and an abundance of hyperplastic microvascular structures. Matrigel plugs(More)
Besides its established functions in intermediary metabolism and developmental processes, the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) has a less defined role in tumorigenesis. In the present study, we have identified a function for PPARβ/δ in cancer cell invasion. We show that two structurally divergent inhibitory ligands(More)
Ovarian cancer is typically accompanied by the occurrence of malignant ascites containing large number of macrophages. It has been suggested that these tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are skewed to alternative polarization (M2) and thereby play an essential role in therapy resistance and metastatic spread. In our study, we have investigated the nature,(More)
In the present study, we measured prostanoid synthesis and the expression of genes associated with prostanoid signaling in human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell lines and in primary human tumors. Consistent with the proposed growth promoting role of PGE2, we found that NSCLC cell lines frequently co-expressed the genes encoding cyclooxygenase-2(More)