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Root hairs are extensions of root epidermal cells and a model system for directional tip growth of plant cells. A previously uncharacterized Arabidopsis thaliana phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase gene (PIP5K3) was identified and found to be expressed in the root cortex, epidermal cells, and root hairs. Recombinant PIP5K3 protein was catalytically(More)
PtdIns is an important precursor for inositol-containing lipids, including polyphosphoinositides, which have multiple essential functions in eukaryotic cells. It was previously proposed that different regulatory functions of inositol-containing lipids may be performed by independent lipid pools; however, it remains unclear how such subcellular pools are(More)
During development, proliferation must be tightly controlled for organs to reach their appropriate size. While the Hippo signaling pathway plays a major role in organ growth control, how it senses and responds to increased cell density is still unclear. In this study, we use the zebrafish lateral line primordium (LLP), a group of migrating epithelial cells(More)
Plants exposed to hyperosmotic stress undergo changes in membrane dynamics and lipid composition to maintain cellular integrity and avoid membrane leakage. Various plant species respond to hyperosmotic stress with transient increases in PtdIns(4,5)P(2); however, the physiological role of such increases is unresolved. The plasma membrane represents the(More)
In this article, we analyzed the lipid composition of detergent-insoluble membranes (DIMs) purified from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plasma membrane (PM), focusing on polyphosphoinositides, lipids known to be involved in various signal transduction events. Polyphosphoinositides were enriched in DIMs compared with whole PM, whereas all structural(More)
Sleep is an essential behavioral state. It is induced by conserved sleep-active neurons that express GABA. However, little is known about how sleep neuron function is determined and how sleep neurons change physiology and behavior systemically. Here, we investigated sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans, which is induced by the single sleep-active neuron RIS. We(More)
Various biochemical signals are implicated in Arabidopsis wound signalling, including jasmonic acid (JA), salicylic acid, auxin, and Ca2+. Here, we report on cross-talk of phytohormones with phosphoinositide signals not previously implicated in plant wound responses. Within 30 min of mechanical wounding of Arabidopsis rosette-leaves, the levels of the(More)
Recent advances in research on the physiological roles of phosphoinositides in eukaryotic organisms indicate a need to distinguish molecular phosphoinositide species on the basis of their characteristic head groups as well as their glycerolipid moieties. Accurate identification of phosphoinositide species in biological samples poses an analytical challenge,(More)
Lifespan mutants of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are a much studied aging model, however, aging-related changes at the metabolome level remain largely unexplored. To identify metabolic features connected to mitochondrial dysfunction, a hallmark of aging and age-related disease, we analyzed a short-lived mitochondrial mutant (mev-1(kn1)), a long-lived(More)
Function and development of eukaryotic cells require tight control of diverse physiological processes. Numerous cellular processes are regulated by polyphosphoinositides, which interact with protein partners or mediate release of the second messenger, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3). Emerging evidence suggests that different regulatory or signaling(More)