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Ebola virus, a member of the family Filoviridae, causes one of the most severe forms of viral hemorrhagic fever. In the terminal stages of disease, symptoms progress to hypotension, coagulation disorders, and hemorrhages, and there is prominent involvement of the mononuclear phagocytic and reticuloendothelial systems. Cells of the mononuclear phagocytic(More)
The lungs are a significant organ site of murine cytomegalovirus (mCMV) latency. We have shown that activity of the major immediate-early promoter (MIEP), which drives the transcription from the ie1-ie3 transcription unit, does not inevitably initiate the productive cycle (S. K. Kurz, M. Rapp, H.-P. Steffens, N. K. A. Grzimek, S. Schmalz, and M. J.(More)
Bone marrow (BM) failure associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a feared complication after clinical BM transplantation. Experiments in long-term BM cultures have indicated that BM stromal cells (BMSC) are targets of productive CMV infection, but an in situ infection of BM stroma remained to be documented, and the pathomechanism is open to(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare clinical outcomes of biaxial microincision (1.5 mm) and coaxial small-incision (2.75 mm) clear cornea cataract surgery. DESIGN Randomized controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS Seventy eyes of 70 patients were examined at a German university eye hospital. INTERVENTION The 70 patients (70 eyes) were assigned randomly (1:1) to a(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to assess the added value of MR mammography, mammography, and sonography compared with mammography and sonography in diagnostic evaluation of the breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated reports of MR mammography, conventional mammography, and sonography of the breast in 89 patients who had been referred for(More)
The state of cytomegalovirus (CMV) after the resolution of acute infection is an unsolved problem in CMV research. While the term "latency" is in general use to indicate the maintenance of the viral genome, a formal exclusion of low-level persistent productive infection depends on the sensitivity of the assay for detecting infectious virus. We have improved(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after bone marrow (BM) transplantation is often associated with BM graft failure. There are two possible reasons for such a correlation. First, a poor hematopoietic reconstitution of unrelated etiology could promote the progression of CMV infection by the lack of immune control. Alternatively, CMV infection could interfere with(More)
Up to now, MR mammography is performed by two different methods: 2-D techniques with high temporal resolution and 3-D techniques with high spatial resolution. This article investigates whether a dynamic examination of the breast using a novel 3-D-gradient-echo sequence is feasible with sufficient spatial and temporal resolution. MR imaging was performed on(More)
BACKGROUND Mebendazole and albendazole are the drugs of choice for the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis. In this prospective study we present and evaluate the outcome of the long-term treatment with both drugs. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-four patients were treated with either mebendazole or albendazole and they were followed up for an average of 42(More)