Sabine Huewel

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The blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays the predominant role in controlling the passage of endogenous and xenobiotic substances between the circulating blood and the extracellular fluid environment of the brain. The transfer of compounds is strictly regulated by brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC), which are interconnected to each other by well developed(More)
Loss of folate receptor-α function is associated with cerebral folate transport deficiency and childhood-onset neurodegeneration. To clarify the mechanism of cerebral folate transport at the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, we investigate the transport of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in polarized cells. Here we identify folate receptor-α-positive intralumenal(More)
The ability of a drug to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is essential for its use in the pharmaceutical treatment of CNS disorders. Five different in vitro methods to predict BBB permeability of drugs were compared and evaluated in the present study. All assays were performed with a consistent set of seven compounds and in the same physiological(More)
Previous studies have indicated the importance of basement membrane components both for cellular differentiation in general and for the barrier properties of cerebral microvascular endothelial cells in particular. Therefore, we have examined the expression of basement membrane proteins in primary capillary endothelial cell cultures from adult porcine brain.(More)
The epithelial cells of the choroid plexus separate the central nervous system from the blood forming the blood-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barrier. The choroid plexus is the main source of CSF, whose composition is markedly changed during pathological disorders, for example regarding matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of matrix(More)
SCOPE Ergot alkaloids are secondary metabolites of Claviceps spp. and they have been in the focus of research for many years. Experiments focusing on ergotamine as a former migraine drug referring to the ability to reach the brain revealed controversial results. The question to which extent ergot alkaloids are able to cross the blood-brain barrier is still(More)
This study evaluated the disposition of the two atypical antipsychotics, amisulpride (AMS) and clozapine (CLZ), and its main metabolite N-desmethylclozapine (DCLZ), to their target structures in the central nervous system by applying an in vitro blood–brain barrier and blood–cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barrier based on monolayers of porcine brain microvessel(More)
A brain delivery probe was prepared by covalently conjugating lactoferrin (Lf) to a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-coated Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticle in order to facilitate the transport of the nanoparticles across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by receptor-mediated transcytosis via the Lf receptor present on cerebral endothelial cells. The efficacy of the(More)
Manganese occupational and dietary overexposure has been shown to result in specific clinical central nervous system syndromes, which are similar to those observed in Parkinson disease. To date, modes of neurotoxic action of Mn are still to be elucidated but are thought to be strongly related to Mn accumulation in brain and oxidative stress. However, the(More)
In this study the permeability of two flavanol-C-glucosides (FCglcs) and five dimeric and trimeric flavan-3-ols, namely, procyanidins (PCs), was investigated with the human colon carcinoma cell line (Caco-2) model. These compounds can be found especially in cocoa, and they are of great interest due to their assumed beneficial health effects. Transepithelial(More)