Learn More
BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin testing is central to the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. We evaluated a sensitive troponin I assay for the early diagnosis and risk stratification of myocardial infarction. METHODS In a multicenter study, we determined levels of troponin I as assessed by a sensitive assay, troponin T, and traditional myocardial(More)
Chest pain units (CPUs) have been established to optimize treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to early and accurately discharge patients with non-coronary chest pain. The aim of this analysis was to elucidate whether treatment of ACS patients in the CPU versus emergency department (ED) has prognostic implications. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is essential for cellular recovery, survival and maintenance of cellular function. Research into the possible use of Hsp70 as a cytoprotective therapeutic agent is ongoing. Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a state associated with systemic inflammation, particularly in patients with cardiac cachexia. We hypothesised(More)
Patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) are at increased risk of cardiovascular atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of MS on cardiovascular prognosis in context with atherosclerotic burden. A total of 811 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) were included and carotid and leg arteries were examined using sonographic methods.(More)
OBJECTIVES Early identification of myocardial infarction in chest pain patients is crucial to identify patients at risk and to maintain a fast treatment initiation. BACKGROUND The aim of the current investigation is to test whether determination of copeptin, an indirect marker for arginin-vasopressin, adds diagnostic information to cardiac troponin in(More)
CONTEXT Introduction of highly sensitive troponin assays into clinical practice has substantially improved the evaluation of patients with chest pain. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a highly sensitive troponin I (hsTnI) assay compared with a contemporary troponin I (cTnI) assay and their serial changes in the diagnosis of acute(More)
Cachexia is seen in a number of chronic diseases, and it is always associated with a poor prognosis. Irrespective of etiology, the development of cachexia appears to share a common pathophysiological pathway. This includes induction of proteasome-dependent myofibril-degradation, which is thought to be secondary to stimulation by enhanced levels of(More)
Bacterial endotoxin activity is elevated in patients with decompensated chronic heart failure (HF) and acts as a potent stimulus for immune activation. We sought to determine whether endotoxin, at an activity level seen in vivo (around 0.6 EU/ml), is sufficient to stimulate the secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and TNF-alpha soluble(More)
UNLABELLED Immune activation is well established in patients with chronic heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HF and reduced EF) and is associated with an impaired prognosis. Patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HF and preserved EF) have an impaired prognosis as well. It is not known whether they have signs of immune(More)