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BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin testing is central to the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. We evaluated a sensitive troponin I assay for the early diagnosis and risk stratification of myocardial infarction. METHODS In a multicenter study, we determined levels of troponin I as assessed by a sensitive assay, troponin T, and traditional myocardial(More)
Bacterial endotoxin activity is elevated in patients with decompensated chronic heart failure (HF) and acts as a potent stimulus for immune activation. We sought to determine whether endotoxin, at an activity level seen in vivo (around 0.6 EU/ml), is sufficient to stimulate the secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and TNF-alpha soluble(More)
CONTEXT Introduction of highly sensitive troponin assays into clinical practice has substantially improved the evaluation of patients with chest pain. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a highly sensitive troponin I (hsTnI) assay compared with a contemporary troponin I (cTnI) assay and their serial changes in the diagnosis of acute(More)
OBJECTIVES Early identification of myocardial infarction in chest pain patients is crucial to identify patients at risk and to maintain a fast treatment initiation. BACKGROUND The aim of the current investigation is to test whether determination of copeptin, an indirect marker for arginin-vasopressin, adds diagnostic information to cardiac troponin in(More)
Recent findings suggest that erythrocyte intracellular glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPX-1) activity is related inversely to future cardiovascular events. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of GPX-1 activity to extent of atherosclerosis, as well as its long-term prognosis in context with atherosclerotic burden. In a prospective study, we(More)
Cachexia is seen in a number of chronic diseases, and it is always associated with a poor prognosis. Irrespective of etiology, the development of cachexia appears to share a common pathophysiological pathway. This includes induction of proteasome-dependent myofibril-degradation, which is thought to be secondary to stimulation by enhanced levels of(More)
Patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) are at increased risk of cardiovascular atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of MS on cardiovascular prognosis in context with atherosclerotic burden. A total of 811 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) were included and carotid and leg arteries were examined using sonographic methods.(More)
AIMS Chest pain units (CPUs) have been established to optimize treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to early and accurately discharge patients with non-coronary chest pain. The aim of this analysis was to elucidate whether treatment of ACS patients in the CPU versus emergency department (ED) has prognostic implications. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND We studied the effects of recombinant growth hormone (rhGH) on exercise capacity and cardiac function in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Seven patients (aged 55+/-9 years) with mild to moderate congestive heart failure (ejection fraction 31+/-4%) who were on standard therapy were included. The patients were studied at(More)
In chronic heart failure (CHF), the abnormally large ventilatory response to exercise (VE/VCO(2) slope) has 2 conceptual elements: the requirement of restraining arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO(2)) from increasing (because of an increased ratio between increased physiologic dead space and tidal volume [VD/VT]) and the depression of arterial(More)