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Anti (alpha)-DEC-205 antibodies target to the DEC-205 receptor that mediates antigen presentation to T cells by dendritic cells. To exploit these properties for immunization purposes, we conjugated the melanoma antigen tyrosinase-related protein (TRP)-2 to alphaDEC-205 antibodies and immunized mice with these conjugates together with dendritic(More)
Down-regulation of autoreactive T cell responses in vivo includes cell-contact-dependent as well as contact-independent mechanisms. Infectious tolerance is a contact-dependent mechanism used by naturally occurring CD25(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs) to confer suppressive activity upon conventional CD4(+) T cells thereby generating secondary T helper(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether depletion of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) from melanoma patients affects immune responses against tumors. By application of recombinant IL-2-diphteria toxin fusion protein, also known as ONTAK, we were able to significantly reduce the frequency of Treg in peripheral blood, whereas other cell(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are potent antigen-presenting cells capable to induce efficient antigen-specific T cell responses in vitro and in vivo. Herein, the maturation process is of great significance, as immature DC (iDC) are known to induce rather regulatory than effector T cell differentiation. This study was designed to characterize the role of the(More)
Naturally occurring CD4 + CD25 Tregs (nTregs) are essential for T cell homeostasis and the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. They prevent the activation of autoaggressive T cells in the context of autoimmune diseases and suppress inadequate allergen specific T cells. On the opposite, nTregs inhibit also effective immune responses against tumors such as(More)
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