Sabine E Groeger

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The up-regulation of the B7-H1 receptors in host cells might influence the chronicity of inflammatory disorders that frequently precede the development of human cancers. B7-H1 expression has been detected in the majority of human cancers, leading to anergy and apoptosis of activated T cells, and enabling tumor cells to overcome host response. Porphyromonas(More)
In this study, we analyzed the production of Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and IL-6 by activated CD4+ cells obtained from aggressive periodontitis (AgP) patients in comparison with healthy subjects (HC). CD4+ cells were automatically separated from lymphocytes obtained from peripheral blood of patients with AgP and healthy controls. Cells were activated for 4,(More)
The gingival epithelium plays an important role in the protection of oral tissues from microbial challenge. Oral keratinocytes form various cellular contacts, including tight junctions, and thus are able to create an epithelial barrier. A measurable indicator of barrier function in vitro is the transepithelial electrical resistance (TER). Porphyromonas(More)
Aggressive periodontitis (AgP) is a severe periodontal disease characterized by rapid destruction of the tissues supporting the teeth in otherwise healthy individuals. The frequency of the interleukin-4 homozygous -34TT and -590TT genotype was increased in patients in comparison with controls. This study aimed to test the functional effect of this specific(More)
The oral epithelial barrier separates the host from the environment and provides the first line of defense against pathogens, exogenous substances and mechanical stress. It consists of underlying connective tissue and a stratified keratinized epithelium with a basement membrane, whose cells undergo terminal differentiation resulting in the formation of a(More)
The role of Th1 and Th2 cytokines in the pathogenesis of aggressive periodontitis has not been previously examined. The aim of this study was to analyse the expression and production of IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-13 in CD4+ cells from the peripheral blood of patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and periodontally healthy controls. Gene expression was(More)
The bacterial biofilm at the gingival margin induces a host immune reaction. In this local inflammation epithelial cells defend the host against bacterial challenge. Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), a keystone pathogen, infects epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the activation of signaling cascades in primary epithelial(More)
INTRODUCTION Innate immunity rapidly defends the host against infectious insults. These reactions are of limited specificity and exhaust without providing long-term protection. Functional fluids and effector molecules contribute to the defence against infectious agents, drive the immune response, and direct the cellular players. AIM To review the(More)
BACKGROUND In periodontal therapy enamel matrix derivative (EMD) has been successfully used for tissue regeneration by altering activity of various cells involved in periodontal regeneration. Studies have focused primarily on clinical parameters and outcome. Effects of EMD on oral epithelial cells are of crucial importance in order to understand the biology(More)
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