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Forest edges are dynamic zones characterized by the penetration (to varying depths and intensities) of conditions from the surrounding environment (matrix) into the forest interior. Although edge effects influence many tropical organisms, they have not been studied directly in primates. Edge effects are particularly relevant to lemurs because of the highly(More)
Slow lateral variations in the liquid crystal properties distort the shape of an incident wavefront. The lateral variation in the phase, obtained with the extended Jones calculus, is used to determine refraction effects. Refraction depends on the polarization state of the light and the resulting transmission through the liquid crystal may be very different(More)
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