Sabine Castano

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In the present work, we study the structure and the orientation of the 23 N-terminal peptide of the HIV-1 gp 41 protein (AVGIGALFLGFLGAAGSTMGARS) called FP23. The behaviour of FP23 was investigated alone at the air/water interface and inserted into various lipid model systems: in monolayer or multibilayers of a DOPC/cholesterol/DOPE/DOPG (6/5/3/2) and in a(More)
Peptides composed of leucyl and lysyl residues ('LK peptides') with different compositions and sequences were compared for their antibacterial activities using cell wall-less bacteria of the class Mollicutes (acholeplasmas, mycoplasmas and spiroplasmas) as targets. The antibacterial activity of the amphipathic alpha-helical peptides varied with their size,(More)
Cateslytin, a positively charged (5+) arginine-rich antimicrobial peptide (bCgA, RSMRLSFRARGYGFR), was chemically synthesized and studied against membranes that mimic bacterial or mammalian systems. Circular dichroism, polarized attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy, (1)H high-resolution MAS NMR, and (2)H and (31)P solid state NMR were used to(More)
The fusion peptide of Ebola virus comprises a highly hydrophobic sequence located downstream from the N-terminus of the glycoprotein GP2 responsible for virus-host membrane fusion. The internal fusion peptide of GP2 inserts into membranes of infected cell to mediate the viral and the host cell membrane fusion. Since the sequence length of Ebola fusion(More)
Compression beyond the collapse of phospholipid monolayers on a modified Langmuir trough has revealed the formation of stable multilayers at the air-water interface. Those systems are relevant new models for studying the properties of biological membranes and for understanding the nature of interactions between membranes and peptides or proteins. The(More)
Phospholipid single bilayers supported on a hydrophilic solid substrate are extensively used in the study of the interaction between model membranes and proteins or polypeptides. In this article, the formation of a single dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayer under an octadecyltrimethoxysilane (OTMS) polymerized Langmuir monolayer at the air-water(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPP) are able to efficiently transport cargos across cell membranes without being cytotoxic to cells, thus present a great potential in drug delivery and diagnosis. While the role of cationic residues in CPPs has been well studied, that of Trp is still not clear. Herein 7 peptide analogs of RW9 (RRWWRRWRR, an efficient CPP) were(More)
Designed to model ideally amphipathic beta-sheets, the minimalist linear (KL)(m)K peptides (m=4-7) were synthesized and proved to form stable films at the air/water interface, they insert into compressed dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine monolayers and interact with egg phosphatidylcholine vesicles. Whatever the interface or the lateral pressure applied to the(More)
Mesentericin Y105 (Mes-Y105) is a bacteriocin secreted by Leuconostoc mesenteroides which is particularly active on Listeria. It is constituted by 37 residues and reticulated by one disulfide bridge. It has two W residues, W18 and W37, which can be studied by fluorescence. Two single substituted W/F analogues were synthesized (Mes-Y105/W18 and Mes-Y105/W37)(More)
The peptide KLA (acetyl-(KLAKLAK)2-NH2), which is rather non toxic for eukaryotic cell lines, becomes active when coupled to the cell penetrating peptide, penetratin (Pen), by a disulfide bridge. Remarkably, the conjugate KLA-Pen is cytotoxic, at low micromolar concentrations, against a panel of seven human tumor cell lines of various tissue origins,(More)