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BACKGROUND Inflammatory mechanisms have been proposed to be important in heart failure (HF), and cytokines have been implicated to add to the progression of HF. However, it is unclear whether such mechanisms are already activated when hypertrophied hearts still appear well-compensated and whether such early mechanisms contribute to the development of HF. (More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is secreted by activated macrophages. In hypertension, Gal-3 is a marker for hypertrophic hearts prone to develop heart failure. Gal-3 infused in pericardial sac leads to cardiac inflammation, remodeling, and dysfunction. N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP), a naturally occurring tetrapeptide, prevents and reverses(More)
Surface binding of galectin family members has the potential to link distinct glycan structures to growth regulation. Therefore, we addressed the antiproliferative potential of galectin-1 (Gal-1) in a panel of carcinoma cell lines. We discovered growth inhibition by Gal-1 in epithelial tumor cell lines from different origins and provide evidence that this(More)
We have previously reported that silencing of galectin-4 expression in polarized HT-29 cells perturbed apical biosynthetic trafficking and resulted in a phenotype similar to the inhibitor of glycosylation, 1-benzyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-d-galactopyranoside (GalNAcalpha-O-bn). We now present evidence of a lipid raft-based galectin-4-dependent mechanism of(More)
Endogenous lectins induce effects on cell growth by binding to antennae of natural glycoconjugates. These complex carbohydrates often present more than one potential lectin-binding site in a single chain. Using the growth-regulatory interaction of the pentasaccharide of ganglioside GM(1) with homodimeric galectin-1 on neuroblastoma cell surfaces as a model,(More)
Gene duplication and sequence divergence are driving forces toward establishing protein families. To examine how sequence changes affect carbohydrate specificity, the two closely related proto-type chicken galectins CG-14 and CG-16 were selected as models. Binding properties were analyzed using a highly sensitive solid-phase assay. We tested 56 free(More)
The clinical histories of 10 women suffering from benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) after hysterectomy and information on lung lesions detected in these women are presented, together with corresponding data for 2 women with metastasizing leiomyosarcoma of the uterus for comparison: gross appearance, survival, and light microscopical, immunohistochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of the expression of the galectins in human colon carcinomas is mainly restricted to galectin-3 and, to a lesser extent, galectin-1. The current study analyzed the prognostic values contributed by galectin-1, galectin-3, galectin-4, and galectin-8 in cases of colon carcinoma. METHODS The authors selected 55 colon carcinomas (including(More)
Galectins are mammalian carbohydrate-binding proteins that are involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion, cell migration, and growth regulation with relevance to inflammation and tumor spread. These important functions account for the interest to design suitable low molecular weight inhibitors that match the distinct modes of presentation of the(More)
In our recent publication, we defined core aspects of the carbohydrate specificity of domain-I of recombinant tandem-repeat-type galectin-4 from rat gastrointestinal tract (G4-N), especially its potent interaction with the linear tetrasaccharide Galbeta1-3GlcNAcbeta1-3Galbeta1-4Glc (Ibeta1-3L). The assumed role of galectin-4 as a microvillar raft(More)