Sabine André

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BACKGROUND Inflammatory mechanisms have been proposed to be important in heart failure (HF), and cytokines have been implicated to add to the progression of HF. However, it is unclear whether such mechanisms are already activated when hypertrophied hearts still appear well-compensated and whether such early mechanisms contribute to the development of HF. (More)
Human galectin-1 is a potent multifunctional effector that participates in specific protein-carbohydrate and protein-protein (lipid) interactions. By determining its X-ray structure, we provide the basis to define the structure of its ligand-binding pocket and to perform rational drug design. We have also analysed whether single-site mutations introduced at(More)
Galectin-3 is unique among the galectin family of animal lectins in its biological activities and structure. Most members of the galectin family including galectin-1 possess apoptotic activities, whereas galectin-3 possesses anti-apoptotic activity. Galectin-3 is also the only chimera type galectin and consists of a nonlectin N-terminal domain and a(More)
Perlucin isolated from abalone nacre consists of 155 amino acids including a glycosylated asparagine. The sequence of the first 130 amino acids shows a high similarity to the C-type carbohydrate-recognition domains of asialoglycoprotein receptors and other members of the group of C-type lectins but also a weaker similarity to related proteins without(More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is secreted by activated macrophages. In hypertension, Gal-3 is a marker for hypertrophic hearts prone to develop heart failure. Gal-3 infused in pericardial sac leads to cardiac inflammation, remodeling, and dysfunction. N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP), a naturally occurring tetrapeptide, prevents and reverses(More)
Purpose: Knowledge about galectin expression by human tumor cells is mainly restricted to galectins-1 and -3. This study was conducted to define the gene expression pattern of all presently known human galectins in tumor cell lines of various histogenetic origin (galectinomics). Methods: The presence of mRNAs for human galectins-1, -2, -3, -4, -7, -8, and(More)
Surface binding of galectin family members has the potential to link distinct glycan structures to growth regulation. Therefore, we addressed the antiproliferative potential of galectin-1 (Gal-1) in a panel of carcinoma cell lines. We discovered growth inhibition by Gal-1 in epithelial tumor cell lines from different origins and provide evidence that this(More)
Adhesion/growth-regulatory galectins (gals) exert their functionality by the cis/trans-cross-linking of distinct glycans after initial one-point binding. In order to define the specificity of ensuing association events leading to cross-linking, we recently established a cell-based assay using fluorescent glycoconjugates as flow cytometry probes and tested(More)
Progress in cancer chemotherapy has been made owing to the discovery and development of drugs that have new structures, new mechanisms of action, and high levels of experimental antitumor activity. Docetaxel (Taxotere; Rhône-Poulenc Rorer, Antony, France) is prepared by semisynthesis from 10-deacetyl baccatin III, an inactive taxoid precursor extracted from(More)
Galectins are mammalian carbohydrate-binding proteins that are involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion, cell migration, and growth regulation with relevance to inflammation and tumor spread. These important functions account for the interest to design suitable low molecular weight inhibitors that match the distinct modes of presentation of the(More)