Learn More
BACKGROUND Inflammatory mechanisms have been proposed to be important in heart failure (HF), and cytokines have been implicated to add to the progression of HF. However, it is unclear whether such mechanisms are already activated when hypertrophied hearts still appear well-compensated and whether such early mechanisms contribute to the development of HF. (More)
Surface binding of galectin family members has the potential to link distinct glycan structures to growth regulation. Therefore, we addressed the antiproliferative potential of galectin-1 (Gal-1) in a panel of carcinoma cell lines. We discovered growth inhibition by Gal-1 in epithelial tumor cell lines from different origins and provide evidence that this(More)
We have previously reported that silencing of galectin-4 expression in polarized HT-29 cells perturbed apical biosynthetic trafficking and resulted in a phenotype similar to the inhibitor of glycosylation, 1-benzyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-d-galactopyranoside (GalNAcalpha-O-bn). We now present evidence of a lipid raft-based galectin-4-dependent mechanism of(More)
Endogenous lectins induce effects on cell growth by binding to antennae of natural glycoconjugates. These complex carbohydrates often present more than one potential lectin-binding site in a single chain. Using the growth-regulatory interaction of the pentasaccharide of ganglioside GM(1) with homodimeric galectin-1 on neuroblastoma cell surfaces as a model,(More)
The clinical histories of 10 women suffering from benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) after hysterectomy and information on lung lesions detected in these women are presented, together with corresponding data for 2 women with metastasizing leiomyosarcoma of the uterus for comparison: gross appearance, survival, and light microscopical, immunohistochemical(More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is secreted by activated macrophages. In hypertension, Gal-3 is a marker for hypertrophic hearts prone to develop heart failure. Gal-3 infused in pericardial sac leads to cardiac inflammation, remodeling, and dysfunction. N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP), a naturally occurring tetrapeptide, prevents and reverses(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of the expression of the galectins in human colon carcinomas is mainly restricted to galectin-3 and, to a lesser extent, galectin-1. The current study analyzed the prognostic values contributed by galectin-1, galectin-3, galectin-4, and galectin-8 in cases of colon carcinoma. METHODS The authors selected 55 colon carcinomas (including(More)
Anoikis resistance is a hallmark of transformed epithelial cells. Here, we show that treatment of anoikis-resistant carcinoma cell lines with the endogenous lectin galectin-1 (Gal-1) promoted apoptosis via interaction with the unligated fibronectin receptor α(5)β(1)-integrin. Gal-1 efficiency correlated with expression of α(5)β(1)-integrin, and transfection(More)
The consideration of oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates as biopharmaceuticals is an emerging topic in drug design. Chemoenzymatic synthesis of N-glycans was performed to examine the influence of N-glycan core fucosylation on lectin-binding properties and biodistribution. As a first step in a systematic comparison of N-glycans, the core fucose moiety was(More)
The growth-regulatory interplay between ganglioside GM1 on human SK-N-MC neuroblastoma cells and an endogenous lectin provides a telling example for glycan (polysaccharide) functionality. Galectin-1 is the essential link between the sugar signal and the intracellular response. The emerging intrafamily complexity of galectins raises the question on defining(More)