Sabine A. Lauer

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Cholera toxin entry into mammalian cells is mediated by binding of the pentameric B subunit (CTB) to ganglioside GM(1) in the cell membrane. We used flow cytometry to quantitatively measure in real time the interactions of fluorescently labeled pentameric cholera toxin B-subunit (FITC-CTB) with its ganglioside receptor on microsphere-supported phospholipid(More)
The accessory protein MD2 has been implicated in LPS-mediated activation of the innate immune system by functioning as a co-receptor with TLR4 for LPS binding at the cell surface. Epithelial cells that play a role in primary immune response, such as in the lung or gut, often express TLR4, but are dependent on circulating soluble MD2 (sMD2) to bind TLR4 to(More)
The Toll-like receptor (TLR) family plays a fundamental role in host innate immunity by mounting a rapid and potent inflammatory response to pathogen infection. TLRs recognize distinct microbial components and activate intracellular signaling pathways that induce expression of host inflammatory genes. Extensive research in the past decade to understand(More)
BACKGROUND For ease of purification, proteins are often expressed with a short affinity sequence of five or six adjacent histidine residues (His-tag). This His-tag binds to the metal of metal chelator complexes such as Ni(2+)-nitrilotriacetic acid (Ni-NTA) or -iminodiacetic acid (Ni-IDA). Chromatography resins bearing covalently attached metal chelator(More)
The plasma membrane contains discrete nanometer-sized domains that are resistant to non-ionic detergents, and which are called detergent resistant membrane domains (DRMDs) or lipid rafts. Exposure of host cells to pathogenic bacteria has been shown to induce the re-distribution of specific host proteins between DRMDs and detergent soluble membranes, which(More)
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