Sabina Martinenghi

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Capillary electrophoresis (CE) for the simultaneous and precise quantification of human insulin (hI), proinsulin (hPI) and intermediate forms (des 31, 32; split 65-66 and des 64, 65), released in culture media by engineered cells, is described. Analytical conditions for standard proteins were optimized using a bare silica capillary (20 cm X 50 microm(More)
Autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells in type I, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) results in the loss of endogenous insulin secretion, which is incompletely replaced by exogenous insulin administration. The functional restoration provided by allogeneic beta-cell transplantation is limited by adverse effects of immunosuppression. To(More)
Diabetic polyneuropathy is a common, disabling chronic complication of diabetes mellitus. Previous studies have suggested that combined pancreas-kidney transplantation can ameliorate nerve conduction. The relative contribution of the correction of hyperglycaemia and uraemia on nerve function is still a matter of debate. Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) was(More)
A first-line gene therapy for type 1 diabetes should be based on a safe procedure to engineer an accessible tissue for insulin release. We evaluated the ability of the skeletal muscle to release human insulin after electrotransfer (ET)-enhanced plasmid DNA injection in mice. A furin-cleavable proinsulin cDNA under the CMV or the MFG promoter was(More)
In order to study the effects of normoglycaemia on diabetic retinopathy, 20 diabetic uraemic patients who underwent a kidney-pancreas transplantation were evaluated before and after surgery (6.9 months and once a year). The control group consisted of 12 uraemic patients who underwent kidney transplantation alone. At each follow-up examination a complete(More)
To investigate the effects of normoglycaemia on diabetic retinopathy, we evaluated 18 uremic diabetic patients before and after successful pancreas kidney transplantation. In all, 12 uremic diabetic patients who submitted to kidney transplantation alone served as the control group; 4 of these subjects received a kidney transplantation alone, whereas 8(More)
The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of haemodialysis, kidney transplantation and simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation on survival of diabetic subjects and on kidney function. 40 Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients received a kidney transplantation: in 31 cases the kidney was transplanted simultaneously to a pancreas graft(More)
OBJECTIVE Recipients of solid organ transplants have an increased risk of developing certain types of malignancies as compared with the general population. The majority of the literature has reported on neoplasms in kidney and heart transplant recipients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We describe 9 neoplasms occurring in 7 out of 73 IDDM patients after(More)
Previous reports on antimalarial toxicity have only been related to long-term continuous treatments for nonmalarial indications, which require prolonged use of large doses, up to 1000 g or more every year. We describe a patient with recurrent malaria, prophylactically treated with low-dose chloroquine, who developed heart failure due to biventricular(More)