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Despite recent advances in the molecular genetics of type 2 diabetes, the majority of susceptibility genes in humans remain to be identified. We therefore conducted a 10-cM genomewide search (401 microsatellite markers) for type 2 diabetes-related traits in 637 members of 143 French pedigrees ascertained through multiple diabetic siblings, to map such genes(More)
BACKGROUND Our experience with a left internal thoracic artery graft to the left anterior descending artery via a left anterior small thoracotomy is reviewed to evaluate midterm results. METHODS From November 1994 to April 1997, four hundred sixty patients were scheduled to undergo a left internal thoracic artery graft to the left anterior descending(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that physical exercise in postmenopausal women could interfere with the molecular interrelationship of the immune-endocrine system and be effective even in women in whom training determined a reduction of spontaneous physical activity (SPA). For this reason, we investigated the effects of an aerobic program on plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral valve (MV) procedure for dilated cardiomyopathy is becoming popular. We analyzed the indications to MV repair or replacement according to our 10-year experience. METHODS From January 1990 to May 2000, 49 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (12 idiopathic and 37 ischemic) underwent MV operation, 29 repair and 20 replacement. Preoperative(More)
Familial genetic studies of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) of different human populations, including the French Caucasians, suggested evidence for linkage of T2DM and human chromosome 20q13, a region where maps the melanocortin 3 receptor gene (MC3R). Likewise, its homologous MC4R in human obesity, MC3R gene is also a good candidate for genetic susceptibility to(More)
BACKGROUND Early and midterm clinical and echocardiographic results after mitral valve (MV) surgery for chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation were investigated to evaluate the validity of the criteria for repair or replacement applied by us. METHODS From 1988 to 2002, 102 patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation underwent MV surgery (82 repairs and 20(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acute pharmacological treatment on the plasma levels of l-arginine, asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), and symmetrical dimethylarginine (SDMA). We also investigated the related effects on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and activity and cytochrome c oxidase activity in the(More)
Tissue Doppler is an ultrasound tool representing a useful completion of standard Doppler echocardiographic examination, The placement of pulsed tissue Doppler sample volume at the level of the different sites of the mitral annulus allows to obtain information on left ventricular global longitudinal (systolic and diastolic) function, whereas the sampling of(More)
BACKGROUND Left internal mammary artery Doppler flow velocity assessment during the Azoulay maneuver (patient's legs are passively lifted up and actively maintained by the patient) can increase the information on the anastomosis quality after left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending coronary artery grafting after the left anterior, small(More)
Magnetocardiography (MCG) is a non-invasive and risk-free technique allowing body surface recording of the magnetic fields generated by the electrical activity of the heart. The MCG recording system allows spatially and temporally accurate measurements of the very weak magnetic fields produced by currents flowing within myocardial fibers during cardiac(More)