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We examined the pharmacological profile of 1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA), a rigid (carboxyphenyl)glycine derivative acting on metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). In cells transfected with mGluR1a, AIDA competitively antagonized the stimulatory responses of glutamate and (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid [(1S,3R)-ACPD] on(More)
Kynurenic acid is a tryptophan metabolite provided with antagonist activity on ionotropic glutamate and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. We noticed that in rats with a dialysis probe placed in the head of their caudate nuclei, local administration of kynurenic acid (30-100 nM) significantly reduced glutamate output. Qualitatively and quantitatively(More)
1. We measured the effects of agonists and antagonists of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors (types 1 and 5) on NMDA-induced depolarization of mouse cortical wedges in order to characterize the mGlu receptor type responsible for modulating NMDA responses. We also characterized a number of mGlu receptor agents by measuring [3H]-inositol phosphate (IP)(More)
We examined the pharmacological properties of 3-methyl-aminothiophene dicarboxylic acid (3-MATIDA) by measuring second messenger responses in baby hamster kidney cells stably transfected with mGlu1a, mGlu2, mGlu4a or mGlu5a receptors and ionotropic glutamate receptor agonist-induced depolarizations in mouse cortical wedges. 3-MATIDA was a potent (IC(50)=6.3(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors coupled to phospholipase D (PLD) appear to be distinct from any known mGlu receptor subtype linked to phospholipase C or adenylyl cyclase. The availability of antagonists is necessary for understanding the role of these receptors in the central nervous system, but selective ligands have not yet been identified. In a(More)
Anatomical, biochemical and electrophysiological studies have previously shown that cortico-striatal terminals contain abundant presynaptic group 2 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. Using brain slices we have previously shown that these receptors inhibit depolarization-induced transmitter release. Using microdialysis in freely moving rats, we now(More)
The pharmacological profile of (S)-(+)-2-(3'-carboxybicyclo[1.1.1]pentyl)-glycine (CBPG) and of other group 1 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor agents were studied in BHK cells transfected with mGlu receptor subtypes or in native receptors in brain slices by measuring second messenger responses. The mGlu receptor-mediated changes in the(More)
It has been recognized for some years that a prolonged Ca(2+) elevation that is predictive of impending cell death develops in cultured neurons following excitotoxic insult. In addition, neurons exhibit enhanced sensitivity to excitotoxic insult with increasing age in culture. However, little is known about the processes that selectively regulate the(More)
In order to characterize the ontogenetic profile of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors coupled to phospholipase D (PLD) we examined the effects of selected mGlu agents on PLD activity in immature and adult rat hippocampus. The group I mGlu receptor agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine stimulated PLD in immature tissue, but reduced the PLD response evoked(More)
In order to investigate the involvement of mGlu1 and mGlu5 metabotropic glutamate receptors in the development of postischemic neuronal death, we examined the effects of selective agonists and antagonists in models of cerebral ischemia in vitro and in vivo. In murine cortical cell cultures and rat organotypic hippocampal slices exposed to oxygen and glucose(More)
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