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BACKGROUND Recent efforts have focused on improving the specificity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) criteria for ECG interpretation in athletes. These criteria are derived predominantly from white athletes (WAs) and do not account for the effect of Afro-Caribbean ethnicity or novel research questioning the relevance of several isolated ECG(More)
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) cardiomyopathy is morphologically characterized by prominent myocardial trabeculations and deep recesses. The precise stage of development and the natural history of the disorder are not fully understood. Studies in heart failure patients demonstrate a high prevalence of myocardial trabeculations, raising the potential(More)
AIMS The 2010 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation in athletes are associated with a relatively high false positive rate and warrant modification to improve the specificity without compromising sensitivity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether non-specific anomalies such as axis deviation and(More)
Deaths of young athletes from cardiac disease are uncommon but receive considerable media attention and intermittently galvanize debates about cardiac screening prior to participation in sports. Both the American Heart Association (AHA) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) endorse preparticipation screening in athletes; however, there is disagreement(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with heart failure and chronic anemia frequently demonstrate left ventricular (LV) trabeculations, which may be compatible with the diagnosis of LV noncompaction. We used the pregnancy model, which is characterized by a reversible increase in cardiac preload and other changes in cardiac function, to assess the development of de novo LV(More)
AIMS Pre-participation cardiovascular screening of young athletes may prevent sports-related sudden cardiac deaths. Recognition of physiological electrocardiography (ECG) changes in healthy athletes has improved the specificity of screening while maintaining sensitivity for disease. The study objective was to determine the clinical significance of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence and significance of increased left ventricular (LV) trabeculation in highly trained athletes. DESIGN Cross sectional echocardiographic study. SETTING Sports cardiology institutions in the UK and France. SUBJECTS 1146 athletes aged 14-35 years (63.3% male), participating in 27 sporting disciplines, and 415(More)
BACKGROUND Regular, intensive exercise results in physiological biventricular cardiac adaptation. Ethnicity is an established determinant of left ventricular remodeling; black athletes (BAs) exhibit more profound LV hypertrophy than white athletes (WAs). Right ventricular (RV) remodeling has not been characterized in BAs, although the issue is pertinent(More)
BACKGROUND Physiological cardiac adaptation to regular exercise, including biventricular dilation and T-wave inversion (TWI), may create diagnostic overlap with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to assess the accuracy of diagnostic criteria for ARVC when applied to athletes exhibiting(More)