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Exposure of newborn rats to a variety of anesthetics has been shown to induce apoptotic neurodegeneration in the developing brain. We investigated the effect of the general anesthetic propofol on the brain of 7-day-old (P7) Wistar rats during the peak of synaptic growth. Caspase and calpain protease families most likely participate in neuronal cell death.(More)
This study was focused on the apoptosis (programmed cell death) induction involved in the loss of dopaminergic (DA-ergic) neurons in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) hemiparkinsonian rats. The apoptosis in the striatum and substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc), was examined 6, 24 h and 7 days after the 6-OHDA lesions employing the TUNEL method. The changes in(More)
Brain aging is related to the numerous structural and functional changes including decreased synaptic plasticity. The beneficial effects of dietary restriction (DR) are well known but insufficiently investigated at the level of plasticity-related markers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the expression profiles of proteins structurally and(More)
The aim of our study was to develop and characterize solid brain tumors in Wistar rats, which could be used in investigations concerning the molecular mechanisms that lay beneath the genesis of the gliomas as well as in the testing of curative potentials of various therapeutics. The tumors were induced by intracerebral inoculation of 9L glioma cells and(More)
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a phosphoprotein and a member of the steroid/thyroid receptor superfamily of ligand dependent transcription factors. When the glucocorticoid receptor is expressed in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), it is competent for signal transduction and transcriptional regulation. We have studied the glucocorticoid receptor(More)
Accurate normalization is the prerequisite for obtaining reliable results in the quantification of gene expression. Using TaqMan Real Time RT-PCR, we carried out an extensive evaluation of five most commonly used endogenous controls, gapdh, beta-actin, 18S rRNA, hprt and cypB, for their presumed stability of expression, in rat cortex and hippocampus, during(More)
In this paper we describe the effects of six different food restriction (FR) regimens on amphetamine (AMPH)-induced locomotor and nonlocomotor activities in male rats. Changes in serum corticosterone (CORT), insulin and glucose levels were also examined. Each regimen was implemented through different daily food allowance (50%, 25% and 12.5% of the daily(More)
Commonly used general anesthetics can have adverse effects on the developing brain by triggering apoptotic neurodegeneration, as has been documented in the rat. The rational of our study was to examine the molecular mechanisms that contribute to the apoptotic action of propofol anesthesia in the brain of 7-day-old (P7) rats. The down-regulation of nerve(More)
Neurotrophins are established molecular mediators of neuronal plasticity in the adult brain. We analyzed the impact of aging on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) protein isoforms, their receptors, and on the expression patterns of multiple 5′ exon-specific BDNF transcripts in the rat cortex and hippocampus throughout the(More)
Previously we observed that prolonged exposure to propofol anesthesia causes caspase-3- and calpain-mediated neuronal death in the developing brain. The present study examines the effects of propofol anesthesia on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), pro-nerve growth factor (NGF), and their receptors in the cortex and the thalamus. We also(More)