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The enantiomers of 2-(p-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid (CPP) and of its analogs with substitutions on the asymmetric carbon atom were tested on human ClC-1 channel, the skeletal muscle chloride channel, after heterologous expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes, to gain insight in the mechanism of action of these stereoselective modulators of macroscopic(More)
No clear data is available about functional alterations in the calcium-dependent excitation-contraction (e-c) coupling mechanism of dystrophin-deficient muscle of mdx mice. By means of the intracellular microelectrode "point" voltage clamp method, we measured the voltage threshold for contraction (mechanical threshold; MT) in intact extensor digitorum(More)
The role of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha or cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) eicosanoids in dystrophinopathies has been evaluated by chronically treating (4-8 weeks) adult dystrophic mdx mice with the anti-TNF-alpha etanercept (0.5 mg/kg) or the COX-2 inhibitor meloxicam (0.2 mg/kg). Throughout the treatment period the mdx mice underwent a protocol of(More)
Chronic exercise in vivo aggravates dystrophy in mdx mice. Calcium homeostasis was evaluated ex vivo by micro-spectrofluorometry on tendon-to-tendon dissected extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle fibers. Resting cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i) and sarcolemmal permeability through Gd3+ -sensitive mechanosensitive calcium (MsCa) channel were significantly(More)
Activation of muscle beta(2)-adrenergic receptors successfully counteracted sarcolemma inexcitability in patients suffering from hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HPP), a hereditary disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding the skeletal muscle sodium channel. Looking for potential modulation of these channels by beta(2)-adrenergic pathway using(More)
Oxidative stress was proposed as a trigger of muscle impairment in various muscle diseases. The hindlimb-unloaded (HU) rodent is a model of disuse inducing atrophy and slow-to-fast transition of postural muscles. Here, mice unloaded for 14 days were chronically treated with the selective antioxidant trolox. After HU, atrophy was more pronounced in the(More)
The mechanisms by which aging induces muscle impairment are not well understood yet. We studied the impact of aging on Ca2+ homeostasis in the slow-twitch soleus and the fast-twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of aged rats by using the fura-2 fluorescent probe. In both muscles aging increases the resting cytosolic calcium concentration(More)
The mechanism by which the 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) induce skeletal muscle injury is still under debate. By using fura-2 cytofluorimetry on intact extensor digitorum longus muscle fibers, here we provided the first evidence that 2 months in vivo chronic treatment of rats with fluvastatin (5 and 20 mg kg-1) and(More)
This study was aimed at investigating the effects of chronic treatment of aged rats with growth hormone (GH, 8 weeks) or the GH-secretagogue hexarelin (4 weeks) on the biophysical modifications that voltage-gated sodium channels of skeletal muscle undergo during aging, by means of the patch-clamp technique applied to fast-twitch muscle fibers. Two(More)
By the use of pharmacological tools, we tested the hypothesis that age-related alterations in the regulatory pathways of chloride channels might contribute to the lowered chloride conductance (GCl) found in skeletal muscle of aged rats. The resting GCl of extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles from adult rats either young (3-4 months old) or aged (29(More)