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Bioassay-guided fractionation of the fruits of Piper longum afforded two new minor amides, piperlongimin A (2) [2E-N-isobutyl-hexadecenamide] and piperlongimin B (4) [2E-octadecenoylpiperidine] together with five known compounds with moderate cytotoxic activity. The structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic evidences. All these compounds(More)
Three types of alkaloidal constituents, viz., beta-phenethylamines, quinazolines and carboxylated tryptamines, in addition to choline and betaine have been isolated from Sida acuta Burm., S. humilis Willd., S. rhombifolia L., and S. spinosa L. and characterized by their physical and spectral properties, and by chemical transformations. The qualitative and(More)
Seven edible plants including three unexplored species of high altitude (Ladakh) region were screened for antioxidant activity by bioassay guided fractionation method. The objective of the study was to dereplicate the complex phytochemical matrix of a plant in reference to antioxidant activity in vitro. The screening result showed that ethylacetate fraction(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar is caused by the dimorphic parasite Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent. Treatment options for kala-azar are currently inadequate due to various limitations. Currently, drug discovery for leishmaniases is oriented towards rational drug design; the aim is to identify specific inhibitors that target particular(More)
Orchis latifolia belonging to the family Orchidaceae is extensively used in traditional Indian medicine against a wide spectrum of ailments including dysentery, diarrhoea, chronic fever, wounds, burns, fractures and general weakness. The present study relates to the bioactive extracts from O. latifolia against multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria and Candida(More)
Chemical investigation of stem bark of Crataeva nurvala afforded 5,7-dimethoxy-3-phenyl-1-ethyl-1,4-dihydro-4-quinolone and a steroidal glycoside with unprecedented pentacyclic ring system named crataemine (1a) and crataenoside (2) respectively. The structures of the compounds were determined by spectroscopic analysis. A series of compounds with(More)
One new alkaloid amide, piperlongumide (1) [N-isobutyl-19-(3',4'-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2E,4E nonadecadienamide], and six known compounds with leishmanicidal activity against promastigotes and axenic amastigotes of Leishmania donovani were isolated from the n-hexane fraction of the fruits of Piper longum. The structure of 1 was elucidated by spectroscopic(More)
The chemical investigation of the bioactive nonpolar fractions of Tanacetum gracile afforded two flavonoid analogues namely, 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone (1) and 5,4'-dihydroxy-3,6,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone (2) which were identical to the previously reported artemetin and chrysosplenetin respectively. The structure of the compounds was(More)