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The detrimental effects of heat stress on fertility in cattle are less pronounced in heat-tolerant breeds. Although these genetic differences reflect differences in thermoregulation, cells from heat-tolerant breeds are less adversely compromised by increased temperature (that is, heat shock) than cells from heat-sensitive breeds. Experiments were performed(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells represent an important component of the innate immune system. In ruminants there are few reports regarding presence or characterization of NK cells. Although absence of expression of major histocompatibility complex proteins on ovine trophoblast makes it potentially a target for NK cells, little is known about regulation of NK(More)
Many species exhibiting hemochorial placentation experience an accumulation of macrophages in the endometrium during pregnancy. For the present study, it was tested whether macrophages also accumulate in the endometrium of the sheep, which is a species undergoing an epitheliochorial placentation. An additional objective was to determine whether regulation(More)
PROBLEM Ovine uterine serpin (OvUS) is a member of the serine proteinase inhibitor superfamily and is the major protein produced by luminal and glandular epithelium of the sheep endometrium during mid to late pregnancy. The protein does not have prototypical proteinase inhibitory activity but can inhibit a wide variety of lymphocyte functions such as(More)
Ovine uterine serpin (OvUS) is produced in the uterus of sheep under the influence of progesterone. It weakly inhibits pepsin and reduces proliferation of lymphocytes, tumor cell lines, and preimplantation embryos. When purified from uterine fluid, the concentration required for its antiproliferative effect in vitro is approximately 0.25-1 mg/ml. Here we(More)
Pregnancy in sheep is associated with changes in numbers of specific T-lymphocyte populations in the uterine endometrium. These changes probably contribute to evasion by the conceptus of maternal immunological rejection and indicate a possible role for T cells in placental growth, parturition and post-parturient uterine defence against infection. The(More)
In ewes, the uterine gland knockout (UGKO) phenotype is caused by neonatal exposure to norgestomet to arrest uterine gland development and produce an adult which has a uterus characterized by the lack of endometrial glands. Since endometrial glands in the sheep produce the lymphocyte-inhibitory protein, ovine uterine serpin (OvUS), an experiment was(More)
Interferon-tau (IFN-tau) is secreted from trophectoderm of the ruminant preimplantation conceptus and functions during pregnancy to prevent luteolysis. In addition, IFN-tau can inhibit proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and other cells. Several distinct ovine IFN-tau (OvIFN-tau) gene variants exist; three of these (IFN-tau4, IFN-tau6d,(More)
Methanol extract from aerial parts of Sideritis libanotica Labill. subsp. linearis (Bentham) Borm. were investigated for its in vitro antiproliferative activities against Vero, HeLa and C6 cells. The tests were carried out as dose-dependent assay starting from 25 μg/mL to 250 μg/mL. The extract found to be active against African green monkey kidney (Vero),(More)
In several species, the trophoblast is resistant to lysis by cytotoxic lymphocytes. Such resistance is believed to contribute to survival of the semiallogenic conceptus. We tested whether ovine chorionic cells are susceptible to lysis by specific and nonspecific cytotoxic lymphocytes in peripheral blood (PBL) and whether cytotoxic cells that can lyse target(More)