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Growth factor-mediated signaling has been implicated in the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions during organogenesis. Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4), a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, is expressed in the presumptive dental epithelium at the initiation of tooth development. Subsequently, epithelial signaling(More)
Morphogenesis of embryonic organs is regulated by epithelial-mesenchymal interactions associating with changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM). The response of the cells to the changes in the ECM must involve integral cell surface molecules that recognize their matrix ligand and initiate transmission of signal intracellularly. We have studied the(More)
We have studied the expression of an integral cell surface proteoglycan, syndecan, during the healing of cutaneous wounds, using immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization methods. In normal mouse skin, both syndecan antigen and mRNA were found to be expressed exclusively by epidermal and hair follicle cells. After incision and subsequent suturing,(More)
Some Ts in nuclear DNA of trypanosomes and Leishmania are hydroxylated and glucosylated to yield base J (β-D-glucosyl-hydroxymethyluracil). In Leishmania, about 99% of J is located in telomeric repeats. We show here that most of the remaining J is located at chromosome-internal RNA polymerase II termination sites. This internal J and telomeric J can be(More)
We have analyzed the expression of early growth response gene (Egr-1) by mRNA in situ hybridization during mouse embryonic tooth development and in experimental recombinations of dental epithelium and mesenchyme. Egr-1 was transiently and recurrently expressed both in epithelial and mesenchymal cells starting from day 13 of gestation and up to 4 days after(More)
Current international guidelines lack definite conclusions regarding repeat stool sampling for the detection of toxigenic Clostridium difficile. We assessed the value of repeat sampling and compared the diagnostic yield in an epidemic to a non-epidemic setting. Consecutive fecal samples obtained during two time frames were analyzed using direct stool(More)
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