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OBJECTIVES Human coronary bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES) from autopsy cases with implant duration >30 days were examined for the presence of neointimal atherosclerotic disease. BACKGROUND Neointimal atherosclerotic change (neoatherosclerosis) after BMS implantation is rarely reported and usually occurs beyond 5 years. The incidence(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate the safety of a novel drug-coated balloon (DCB) with 2 µg/mm(2) paclitaxel and a carrier comprised of polysorbate and sorbitol in a swine femoral artery model. BACKGROUND DCB have emerged as a therapeutic alternative in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease. METHODS The femoral arteries of 45 swine(More)
Successful restoration of epicardial coronary artery patency after prolonged occlusion might result in microvascular obstruction (MVO) and is observed both experimentally as well as clinically. In reperfused myocardium, myocytes appear edematous and swollen from osmotic overload. Endothelial cell changes usually accompany the alterations seen in myocytes(More)
OBJECTIVES Using human pathologic specimens from the CVPath registry, we aimed to investigate the location of the atherosclerotic plaque at bifurcation in native coronary atherosclerotic lesions and to determine the responses at bifurcation after implantation of bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES). BACKGROUND Greater atherosclerotic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sacroplasty is not as routinely performed as vertebroplasty, possibly due to technical challenges and the paucity of data regarding subsequent outcomes. The first goal of the present investigation was to describe a technique for sacroplasty that facilitates safe needle placement and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) extrusion. The second(More)
Coronary bifurcations represent specific regions of the arterial tree that are susceptible to atherosclerotic lesions. While the effects of vessel compliance, curvature, pulsatile blood flow, and cardiac motion on coronary endothelial shear stress have been widely explored, the effects of myocardial contraction on arterial wall stress/strain (WS/S) and(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine selective macrophage differentiation occurring in areas of intraplaque hemorrhage in human atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND Macrophage subsets are recognized in atherosclerosis, but the stimulus for and importance of differentiation programs remain unknown. METHODS We used freshly isolated human monocytes,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine the capability of optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) to characterize various morphological and histological responses to stents implanted in human coronary arteries. BACKGROUND A precise assessment of vascular responses to stents may help stratify the risk of future adverse events in patients who have been(More)
Deployment of drug-eluting stents instead of bare-metal stents has dramatically reduced restenosis rates, but rates of very late stent thrombosis (>1 year postimplantation) have increased. Vascular endothelial cells normally provide an efficient barrier against thrombosis, lipid uptake, and inflammation.(More)
Plaque elasticity (i.e., modulogram) and morphology are good predictors of plaque vulnerability. Recently, our group developed an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) elasticity reconstruction method which was successfully implemented in vitro using vessel phantoms. In vivo IVUS modulography, however, remains a major challenge as the motion of the heart prevents(More)