Saadia M. Ibrahim

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Chemoembolization and other ablative therapies are routinely utilized in downstaging from United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) T3 to T2, thus potentially making patients transplant candidates under the UNOS model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) upgrade for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was undertaken to compare the downstaging efficacy of(More)
Humans chronically infected with schistosomiasis usually have impaired parasite Ag-specific lymphocyte proliferation and IFN-gamma production that may facilitate persistence of the parasite while producing little clinical disease. The mechanisms that contribute to the immunologic hyporesponsiveness in these patients remain undefined. IL-10 has been shown to(More)
Detailed comparative studies have been carried out using a wide range of aqueous and nonaqueous based fixatives in order to select the optimal fixation schedule for the immunohistochemical localization of four antigens: type IV collagen, actin, Factor VIII, and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). Modified methacarn fixation provides an ideal combination of(More)
In 1970, before any antigen-bound immunoglobulin structure had been solved, Elvin Kabat proposed that regions of high amino acid diversity would be the antigen binding sites of immunoglobulin (Kabat, 1970). Conversely, sites of low variability were proposed to be structural, framework regions. This variability was defined by Wu and Kabat as the number of(More)
Hepatic periportal thickening (HPT) detected by ultrasonography has been established as a reliable tool for measuring hepatic morbidity due to schistosomiasis. During ultrasonographic examination of patients with prolonged pyrexia, we frequently noticed minimal grades of HPT in patients without a history of schistosomiasis. This led to ultrasonographic(More)
We studied mice expressing one of two H chain transgenes. Both transgenes expressed the same 3H9 anti-DNA VDJ, but differed in their constant domains. The IgM transgene efficiently induced tolerance and selected for a subset of endogenous L chains that prevented dsDNA binding. In contrast, the IgG2b secreted-only H chain allowed expression of a broad range(More)
An ultrasonographic urinary bladder morbidity score was developed and tested in 510 patients with schistosomiasis haematobia, and then evaluated for screening 1,134 randomly selected children from villages endemic for Schistosoma haematobium. The ultrasonographic urinary bladder morbidity score had four grades ranging from normal to marked thickening of the(More)
Anti-DNA Ab are strictly regulated, except in autoimmunity, where they are expressed and may contribute to pathogenicity. To study constitutive anti-DNA Ab secretion in nonautoimmune mice, two anti-dsDNA H/L chain transgene combinations were constructed using an IgG2b C region with secretory but no transmembrane domain exons. One H/L combination, consisting(More)