Saad S. Alzahrani

Learn More
This experiment examined the effect of destroying central noradrenergic neurones using the selective neurotoxin N-(2-chloroethyl)-n-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP4) on the acquisition of a temporal discrimination and on memory for duration, using a delayed conditional discrimination task. In phase I, rats that had received systemic treatment with DSP4 and(More)
This experiment examined the effect of destruction of the ascending 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (5HTergic) pathways on the acquisition of a temporal discrimination and on memory for duration, using a delayed conditional discrimination task. In phase I, rats that had received injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine into the dorsal and median raphe nuclei, and(More)
Acute treatment with antidepressant drugs is known to increase the mean interresponse time (IRT) in the IRT > 72-s schedule of reinforcement. In order to examine the possibility that this effect may reflect an action of the antidepressants on timing processes, we tested the effects of two antidepressants, desipramine and fluvoxamine, on behaviour maintained(More)
Impulsiveness is a significant clinical problem associated with a variety of psychiatric and neuropsychiatric disorders. Clinical and experimental studies have provided evidence that individuals displaying impulsive behaviour tend to show signs of deficient functioning of the ascending 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (5-HTergic) pathways of the brain. A persistent(More)
This experiment examined the effect of destruction of the ascending 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (5HTergic) pathways on performance in a free-operant timing schedule: the "time-left" procedure. Rats received either injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine into the dorsal and median raphe nuclei or sham lesions. They were trained in a discrete trials schedule in(More)
This experiment examined the effect of destruction of the ascending 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (5HTergic) pathways on performance in a free-operant timing schedule. Rats received either injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine into the dorsal and median raphe nuclei or sham lesions. They were trained to press levers for a sucrose reinforcer. Training sessions(More)
This experiment examined the effect of destruction of the ascending 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (5HTergic) pathways on performance on a new discrete-trials version of the "time-left" procedure. Rats received either injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine into the dorsal and median raphe nuclei or sham lesions. They were trained in a discrete trials schedule in(More)
This experiment examined the effect of destroying central noradrenergic neurones, using the selective neurotoxin DSP4 [N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine], on performance in a free-operant timing schedule. Rats received either systemic treatment with DSP4 or vehicle-alone injections. They were trained to press levers for a sucrose reinforcer.(More)
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 upregulates the expression of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand (RANKL), and downregulates osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression. We tested the effects of polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR), and OPG gene in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy controls and their relationship to bone mineral(More)
This experiment examined the effect of destroying central noradrenergic neurones, using the selective neurotoxin DSP4 (N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine) on the acquisition and performance of discrimination between two time intervals. Rats that had received systemic treatment with DSP4 and vehicle-treated control rats were trained in a series of(More)