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Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria Ochrobactrum lupini KUDC1013 and Novosphingobium pentaromativorans KUDC1065 isolated from Dokdo Island, S. Korea are capable of eliciting induced systemic resistance (ISR) in pepper against bacterial spot disease. The present study aimed to determine whether plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains including(More)
A transcriptional attenuation mechanism for the regulation of pyr operon expression in Bacillus subtilis in which the PyrR regulatory protein binds pyr mRNA at three sites with similar sequences to cause transcription termination in response to elevated pyrimidine nucleotide pools has been proposed (R. J. Turner, Y. Lu, and R. L. Switzer, J. Bacteriol.(More)
The genes encoding the six pyrimidine biosynthesis enzymes from the thermophile Bacillus caldolyticus were characterized by cloning and complementation in Escherichia coli, and by nucleotide sequence analysis. Nine cistrons are clustered within an 11 kb region of the chromosome, the gene order being: orf1-pyrB-pyrC-pyrAa-pyrAb-orf2-p yrD-pyrF-pyrE. This(More)
The plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Ochrobactrum lupini KUDC1013 elicited induced systemic resistance (ISR) in tobacco against soft rot disease caused by Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum. We investigated of its factors involved in ISR elicitation. To characterize the ISR determinants, KUDC1013 cell suspension, heat-treated cells,(More)
Like the innate immunity in mammals, plants have developed an induced resistance, referred to as systemic acquired resistance (SAR). Recently, defense priming that is not related to the direct activation of defenses, but instead elicits more rapid induction of resistance mechanisms following trigger application, has been proposed to explain the long-lasting(More)
Volatile compounds, such as short chain alcohols, acetoin, and 2,3-butanediol, produced by certain strains of root-associated bacteria (rhizobacteria) elicit induced systemic resistance in plants. The effects of bacterial volatile compounds (BVCs) on plant and fungal growth have been extensively studied; however, the impact of bacterial BVCs on bacterial(More)
The DNA shuffling technique has been used to generate libraries of evolved enzymes in thermostability. We have shuffled two thermostable cytidine deaminases (CDAs) from Bacillus caldolyticus DSM405 (T53) and B. stearothermophilus IFO12550 (T101). The shuffled CDA library (SH1067 and SH1077 from the first round and SH2426 and SH2429 from the second round)(More)
A Gram-negative, motile, and rod-shaped bacterial strain, UDC354T, was isolated from the seawater of Dokdo, Korea. The strain UDC354T displayed optimal growth at 30–37 °C in the presence of 0–2 % (w/v) NaCl at pH 8. Strain UDC354T was found to contain Q-8 and 9 as isoprenoid ubiquinones; C16:0 (22.9 %), summed feature 3 (iso-C15:0 2-OH and C16:1 ω7c) (21.4(More)
This study investigated the antifungal effects of cement paste containing Paenibacillus polymyxa E681 against Aspergillus niger, a deleterious fungus commonly found in cement buildings and structures. To test the antifungal effects, cement paste containing P. polymyxa E681 was neutralized by CO2 gas, and the fungal growth inhibition was examined according(More)