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We are grateful for discussions with Gaurav Amin, Anca Dimitriu, Rob Grauer, Peter Klein, Mark Kritzman, Alex Russo, Steven Thorley and Eric Weigel. We thank seminar participants at the 2004 Northern Finance Association meetings, the 2004 Financial Management Association annual meetings, the 2004 Financial Management Association European meetings, the(More)
This paper provides an overview of the most important statistical properties of individual hedge fund returns. We find that the net-of-fees monthly returns of the average individual hedge fund exhibit significant skewness, excess kurtosis, as well as positive first-order serial correlation. The correlations between hedge funds in the same strategy group are(More)
There is an ongoing search for plant-derived diterpenes, especially for diterpenes with anti-inflammatory activity that also have anti-proliferative effects on human cancer cells. A cyathane-type diterpene, Sarcodonin G (SG), isolated from the mushroom Sarcodon scabrosus and already reported to have anti-inflammatory activity, inhibited proliferation of(More)
AIM To explore the alterations of intestinal mucosa morphology, and the effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) on enterocyte apoptosis in mice with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). METHODS Liver damage was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/TNF-alpha in D-galactosamine (GalN) sensitized BALB/c mice. There were 40 mice in normal saline(More)
Although native speakers of Chinese have basic knowledge of Kanji (Chinese characters), Learning Kanji is hard task to them. The difficulties of Kanji learning for Chinese speakers are different from those for non-Chinese character area learners. They are, for example, influences by Chinese to their uses of Japanese, plural readings of each Kanji, and(More)
In this paper, we describe development of a Japanese learning system for native Chinese speakers focusing on the differences between Chinese and Japanese. First, we analyze the differences between both languages and propose how to give questions for Chinese speakers. Then, we describe a Japanese language learning system ”JaLeSy-CJ” to support native Chinese(More)
We investigated changes in the sub-cellular distribution of glycelaldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) after X-ray irradiation in HeLa cells. Twenty-four h after irradiation at 5 Gy, nuclear GAPDH levels increased 2.6-fold, whereas total GAPDH levels increased only 1.2-fold. Knockdown of GAPDH using specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) led to(More)
This study is to explore the speech processing of second language. Chinese-Japanese bilinguals were selected to detect the characteristics of bilingual speech processing and bilingual representation through a vowel-identifying behavioural experiment. In this experiment, selected Japanese and Chinese words were double-character word with the same syllables(More)
This thesis is to explore the speech recognition difference between Chinese and Japanese characters. In this behavioural experiment, twenty Chinese and twenty Japanese nation speakers are selected to identify vowels and three affecting factors (word frequency, cross language or not, target vocabulary) are designed of which each has two variables. After data(More)
In this paper, we describe development of an instructor support system for native Japanese teachers who instruct Japanese to international students focusing on the differences in meanings between Chinese and Japanese. Although native speakers of Chinese who are learning Japanese have basic knowledge of Kanji (Chinese character), it is hard for them to learn(More)