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Follicular lymphoma (FL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are the two most common non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs). Here we sequenced tumour and matched normal DNA from 13 DLBCL cases and one FL case to identify genes with mutations in B-cell NHL. We analysed RNA-seq data from these and another 113 NHLs to identify genes with candidate mutations, and(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) is part of a group of midline and intralaminar thalamic nuclei implicated in arousal and attention. This study examined the connections between the PVT and the forebrain by using the retrograde tracer cholera toxin B (CTb) and the anterograde tracer biotin dextran amine (BDA). The anterior and posterior(More)
RATIONALE Anatomical studies have shown that the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) innervates areas of the forebrain involved in the expression and regulation of emotional behaviors including fear and anxiety. In addition, the PVT is densely innervated by fibers containing orexin-A (OXA) and orexin-B (OXB), peptides that are well-known for their(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) is a midline thalamic nucleus with projections to limbic forebrain areas such as the nucleus accumbens and amygdala. The orexin (hypocretin) peptides are synthesized in hypothalamic neurons that project throughout the CNS. The present experiments were done to describe the extent of orexin fiber innervation(More)
Previous studies have implicated the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, central nucleus of the amygdala and the shell of the nucleus accumbens (collectively called the extended amygdala) as playing an important role in mediating the aversive emotion associated with opioid withdrawal. The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) provides a very dense(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the midline thalamus (PVT) innervates areas of the extended amygdala known to play a key role in the expression of emotional behaviors. In this study, microinjections of orexins (hypocretins), which have excitatory actions on neurons in the PVT, in the midline thalamus were used to investigate if the PVT modulates the(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) receives afferents from the brainstem and has been thought to relay arousal related information to specific limbic forebrain areas, including the nucleus accumbens. More recent anatomical observations suggest that the PVT also receives afferents from various hypothalamic nuclei. The present anatomical(More)
—Data mining techniques make it possible to search large amounts of data for characteristic rules and patterns. If applied to network monitoring data recorded on a host or in a network, they can be used to detect intrusions, attacks and/or anomalies. This paper gives an introduction to Network Data Mining, i.e. the application of data mining methods to(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) has generated interest because of its strong projections to areas of the brain associated with the regulation of emotional behaviors. The posterior aspect of the PVT (pPVT) is notable for its projection to the central nucleus of the amygdala which is essential for the expression of a conditioned fear(More)
Recently Chen and Aihara have demonstrated both experimentally and mathematically that their chaotic simulated annealing (CSA) has better search ability for solving combinatorial optimization problems compared to both the Hopfield-Tank approach and stochastic simulated annealing (SSA). However, CSA may not find a globally optimal solution no matter how(More)