Saïda Mebarek

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Prader-Willi syndrome is a neurogenetic disease resulting from the absence of paternal expression of several imprinted genes, including NECDIN. Prader-Willi children and adults have severe breathing defects with irregular rhythm, frequent sleep apneas, and blunted respiratory regulations. For the first time, we show that Prader-Willi infants have sleep(More)
We investigated the role of phospholipase D (PLD) and its product phosphatidic acid (PA) in myogenic differentiation of cultured L6 rat skeletal myoblasts. Arginine-vasopressin (AVP), a differentiation inducer, rapidly activated PLD in a Rho-dependent way, as shown by almost total suppression of activation by C3 exotoxin pretreatment. Addition of 1-butanol,(More)
The present review aims to systematically and critically analyze the current knowledge on phospholipases and their role in physiological and pathological mineralization undertaken by mineralization competent cells. Cellular lipid metabolism plays an important role in biological mineralization. The physiological mechanisms of mineralization are likely to(More)
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disease due to Mecp2 gene mutations that is associated to complex neurological symptoms, with bioaminergic deficits and life-threatening apneas related to sudden and unexpected death. In male mice, Mecp2-deficiency similarly induces medullary bioaminergic deficits, severe apneas and short life span. Here, we show that(More)
In L6 skeletal myoblasts induced to differentiate by Arg8-vasopressin treatment, a short-lived lowering of ceramide levels was observed, followed by a long-lasting elevation that was prevented by inhibitors of the de novo synthesis pathway, fumonisin B1 and myriocin. Both inhibitors increased the expression of myogenic differentiation markers and cell(More)
Endothelial permeability is controlled by adhesive strengths which connect cells to each other through interendothelial junctions and by contractile forces associated with cytoskeleton reorganization. Phospholipase D (PLD) activation resulting in the generation of phosphatidic acid (PA) is increasingly recognized as a key event in the initiation of various(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with numerous metabolic and endocrine disturbances, including abnormalities of calcium and phosphate metabolism and an inflammatory syndrome. The latter occurs early in the course of CKD and contributes to the development and progression of vascular calcification. A few therapeutic strategies are today contemplated(More)
Hypertrophic chondrocytes participate in matrix mineralization by releasing matrix vesicles (MVs). These MVs, by accumulating Ca(2+) and phosphate initiate the formation of hydroxyapatite. To determine the types of lipids essential for mineralization, we analyzed fatty acids (FAs) in MVs, microvilli and in membrane fractions of chondrocytes isolated from(More)
The effect of in vitro expansion of human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) on stem cell properties is controversial. We examined serial subcultivation with expansion on the ability of ASCs to grow and differentiate into osteoblastic lineages. Flow cytometric analysis, growth kinetics, cell population doubling time, light microscopy and confocal analysis,(More)
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) by hydrolyzing pyrophosphate, an inhibitor of apatite formation, promotes extracellular matrix calcification during bone formation and growth, as well as during ectopic calcification under pathological conditions. TNAP is a target for the treatment of soft tissue pathological ossification. We synthesized a(More)