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Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes that reside in the gastrointestinal (GI) lamina propria, where their basal function remains largely unexplored. In this study, by examining mice with a selective deficiency of systemic eosinophils (by lineage ablation) or GI eosinophils (eotaxin-1/2 double deficient or CC chemokine receptor 3 deficient), we show(More)
We investigated the phenotypic changes of human umbilical cord blood (CB) CD34+ cells during ex vivo expansion using thrombopoietin (TPO), flt3-ligand (FL), and/or granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). During ex vivo expansion of CD34+ cells isolated from human CB for up to 5 weeks, surface expression of molecules on the cultured cells including(More)
Thrombopoietin (TPO), the primary regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis, plays important roles in early haematopoiesis. Previously, we have demonstrated that TPO induces a characteristic pattern of apoptosis during ex vivo expansion of cord blood (CB) CD34+ cells. In this study, we have demonstrated that the TPO-induced apoptotic cells belong to the(More)
Clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) are involved in protein and lipid trafficking between intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. CCVs are composed of clathrin and assembly proteins. The clathrin assembly protein lymphoid myeloid leukemia (CALM) gene, encodes a homologoue of the neuronal clathrin assembly protein AP180. In this study, we characterized(More)
The pattern of leukocyte locomotion can be changed in many pathological situations, but its accurate analysis is difficult because of technological limitation. In the present study, by using a newly developed time-lapse videomicroscopic technique, we have analyzed the locomotive patterns of leukocytes in a stable concentration gradient of chemokines.(More)
The insufficient number of haemopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in cord blood (CB) is the major potential limitation to widespread use of CB for marrow replacement. Cytokine-mediated ex vivo expansion has been proposed as a means of increasing the number of CB HSCs for transplantation. However, the biology of CB HSCs during cytokine-mediated ex vivo expansion,(More)
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