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The paired-like homeodomain transcription factor CRX (cone-rod homeobox) is involved in regulating photoreceptor gene expression and rod outer segment development. Mutations in CRX have been associated with several retinal degenerative diseases. These conditions range from Leber congenital amaurosis (a severe cone and rod degeneration of childhood onset) to(More)
The B lymphoblastoid cell line clone 13 (a subclone of the mutant cell line P3JHR-1) has been found to express high levels of HLA-DQ; by contrast, HLA-DR and -DP antigens are not expressed and cannot be induced by interferon gamma. Northern blot analysis using gene-specific probes indicated that the lack of surface expression of the DR and DP antigens is(More)
The nonhistone chromosomal proteins high mobility group I(Y) [HMG I(Y)] have been shown to function as architectural transcription factors facilitating enhanceosome formation on a variety of mammalian promoters. Specifically, they have been shown to act as a "molecular glue" mediating protein-protein and protein-DNA contacts within the enhanceosome complex.(More)
The class II major histocompatibility complex gene HLA-DRA is expressed in B cells, activated T lymphocytes, and in antigen-presenting cells. In addition, HLA-DRA gene expression is inducible in a variety of cell types by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Here we show that the lymphoid-specific transcription factor Oct-2A plays a critical role in HLA-DRA gene(More)
Atopy, which predisposes individuals to develop asthma, severe systemic anaphylaxis, and atopic dermatitis, is usually associated with dramatically elevated total serum IgE levels and is thought to be controlled by a major susceptibility gene and multiple minor susceptibility genes. A recent sib-pair analysis revealed a tight linkage between markers on(More)
Profilins are actin binding proteins, which also interact with polyphosphoinositides and proline-rich ligands. On the basis of the genome sequence, three diverse profilin homologues (PFN) are predicted to exist in Caenorhabditis elegans. We show that all three isoforms PFN-1, PFN-2, and PFN-3 are expressed in vivo and biochemical studies indicate they bind(More)
The octamer motif (ATTTGCAT) present in several eukaryotic promoters and enhancers is now known to influence the transcription of several genes by interacting with members of a broad family of homeodomain proteins. The promoter of the human class II MHC gene HLA-DRA contains a conserved octamer element that can bind (among other proteins) the transcription(More)
Fragments of foreign antigen are detected by CD4+ helper T cells via the T cell receptor for antigen in the context of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules. Very few cells normally express class II MHC molecules, and these cells play critical roles in antigen presentation and in the thymic selection of T lymphocytes before their exit(More)
Endometriosis-associated ovarian cancers demonstrate substantial morphological and genetic diversity. The transcription factor, hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1β, may be one of several key genes involved in the identity of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC). The present study reviews a considerably expanded set of HNF-1β-associated genes and proteins that(More)
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