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We have developed a system to study the interactions of diphtheria toxin with the cell surface using non-toxic mutant proteins synthesized in vitro. Proteins obtained by N-terminal deletions containing the whole B fragment bound strongly to cells. Deletions extending into the B fragment did not yield an autonomous binding domain. Loss of only the N-terminal(More)
An intact gene coding for wild type diphtheria toxin was reconstituted in vitro from fragments of cloned inactive diphtheria toxin mutants with defects in different parts of the gene. The reconstituted DNA template was amplified using the Taq DNA polymerase chain reaction, providing a virtually unlimited supply. The toxin was expressed in vitro by(More)
Diphtheria toxin B-fragment binds to cell-surface receptors and facilitates translocation of the enzymatically active A-fragment to the cytosol. In this process the B-fragment inserts into the plasma membrane and induces formation of cation-selective channels. We examined the ability of a number of diphtheria toxin-derived molecules translated in vitro to(More)
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