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In Drosophila as well as many vertebrate systems, germ cells form extraembryonically and migrate into the embryo before navigating toward gonadal mesodermal cells. How the gonadal mesoderm attracts migratory germ cells is not understood in any system. We have taken a genetic approach to identify genes required for germ cell migration in Drosophila. Here we(More)
The many different recognized functions of C3 are dependent upon the ability of the activated C3 molecule both to bind covalently to protein and carbohydrate surfaces and to provide binding sites for as many as eleven different proteins. The location of the binding sites for six of these different proteins (factors B and H, complement receptors CR(1), CR(2)(More)
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are important signal transducing molecules found in all cells. G proteins are associated with the plasma membrane/outer acrosomal membrane region of acrosome-intact sperm and at least one G protein is involved in the zona pellucida-induced acrosome reaction. With the goal of elucidating the functions of these(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) is both a candidate oncogene and a candidate tumour suppressor gene. It not only encodes the heregulins and other mitogenic ligands for the ERBB family, but also causes apoptosis in NRG1-expressing cells. We found that most breast cancer cell lines had reduced or undetectable expression of NRG1. This included cell lines that had(More)
To explore the role of neutrophil phagocytosis in host defense against Bordetella pertussis, bacteria were labeled extrinsically with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) or genetically with green fluorescent protein (GFP) and incubated with adherent human neutrophils in the presence or absence of heat-inactivated human immune serum. In the absence of(More)
Three amber mutations were introduced proximal to the syn3 locus of the herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoprotein B (gB) gene specifying gB derivatives lacking the carboxy-terminal 28, 49, or 64 amino acids. A complementation system that utilized gBs expressed in COS cells to complement gB-null virus K delta T was established. The 49- or(More)
Carboxypeptidase G2, a zinc metalloenzyme isolated from Pseudomonas sp. strain RS-16, which catalyses the hydrolytic cleavage of reduced and non-reduced folates to pteroates and L-glutamate, has been linked to a monoclonal antibody (W14A) raised to human chorionic gonadotrophin. The coupling efficiency and retention of antibody and enzymatic activities are(More)
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