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Biphasic fevers were induced in sheep with intravascular infusions or injections of 4-10 mug (80-200 ng/kg) of endotoxin, whereas monophasic fevers were obtained with doses of 1-2/mug (20-40 ng/kg). A marked increase in arterial blood pressure invariably accompanied the onset of fever; the latency of responses to the higher and lower doses of endotoxins(More)
Excretion of nitrogenous substances by Teladorsagia circumcincta was investigated during incubation of L3 in phosphate buffer for up to 30h and adult worms for 4-6h. Ammonia was the main excretory product, with about 20% urea. For the first 4-6h, ammonia excretion by L3 was temperature dependent, directly proportional to the number of larvae, but(More)
A series of human CD8 transgenic (hCD8 Tg) mice with differential expression in the thymus and periphery were produced to investigate CD8 coreceptor regulation of repertoire selection and T cell responses. Expression of hCD8 markedly enhanced responses to both HLA class I molecules and hybrid A2/Kb molecules providing functional evidence for a second(More)
Nematodes which have adapted to an anaerobic lifestyle in their adult stages oxidise phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to oxaloacetate rather than pyruvate as the final product of glycolysis. This adaptation involves selective expression of the enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), instead of pyruvate kinase (PK). However, such adaptation is not(More)
Oxygen consumption by L3 and adult Ostertagia (Teladorsagia) circumcincta was examined in vitro to determine whether oxygen can be utilised in metabolism. The oxygen concentration in the abomasal fluid of sheep infected with O. circumcincta was also measured. Rates of consumption (in nmol O2/h/1000 worms) were 13+/-1 in sheathed L3, 34+/-6 in ex-sheathed(More)
AIM To examine the effects in vitro of bovine milk and milk products and soymilk on the motility of sheathed and exsheathed L3 Ostertagia circumcincta (also known as Teladorsagia circumcincta) as a measure of larval viability and infectivity. METHODS L3 were exsheathed in 0.2% sodium hypochlorite, resuspended in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) pH 7.4(More)
Nematodes, like other species, derive much of the energy for cellular processes from mitochondrial pathways including the TCA cycle. Previously, we have shown L₃ Teladorsagia circumcincta consume oxygen and so may utilise a full TCA cycle for aerobic energy metabolism. We have assessed the relative activity levels and substrate affinities of citrate(More)
A cohort of first-year biology students was surveyed regarding their opinions and viewing habits for live and recorded lectures. Most respondents (87%) attended live lectures as a rule (attenders), with 66% attending more than two-thirds of the lectures. In contrast, only 52% accessed recordings and only 13% viewed more than two-thirds of the available(More)
BACKGROUND Like several other parasites, Teladorsagia circumcincta secretes or excretes urea, but neither the rate of efflux nor the possible metabolic sources of the urea has been considered. METHODS Parasites were maintained by passage through sheep. Urea efflux was measured using phenol/hypochlorite after treatment with urea aminohydrolase. The(More)
Phosphofructokinase (PFK-1) activity was examined in L(3) and adult Teladorsagia circumcincta, both of which exhibit oxygen consumption. Although activities were higher in the adult stage, the kinetic properties of the enzyme were similar in both life cycle stages. T. circumcincta PFK-1 was subject to allosteric inhibition by high ATP concentration, which(More)
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