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AIM To describe pupillary abnormalities associated with diode laser photocoagulation with subTenon's local anaesthetic. METHODS We describe four cases of tonic pupils following diabetic panretinal photocoagulation with subTenon's local anaesthetic. RESULTS Six pupils of four patients became dilated and sustained loss of accommodation with denervation(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of abdominal compartment syndrome depends upon the demonstration of an elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). Direct measures of IAP are impractical in the critical care unit; intravesical pressure (IVP) and intragastric pressure (IGP) should represent acceptable surrogate measures. IVP is the preferred measure of IAP in critical(More)
The term 'functional nasolacrimal duct obstruction' describes patients with epiphora where the tear duct is partially or completely patent to syringing. Delayed tear drainage is demonstrated with a fluorescein dye disappearance test (FDDT) or lacrimal scintigraphy. A dacrocystogram is also frequently abnormal. Studies show that selected patients with(More)
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