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Measurements of changes in structure and stability caused by 13 different substitutions for threonine 157 in phage T4 lysozyme show that the most stable lysozyme variants contain hydrogen bonds analogous to those in the wild-type enzyme and that structural adjustments allow the protein to be surprisingly tolerant of amino-acid substitutions.
To investigate the relation between protein stability and the predicted stabilities of individual secondary structural elements, residue Pro86 in an alpha-helix in phage T4 lysozyme was replaced by ten different amino acids. The x-ray crystal structures of seven of the mutant lysozymes were determined at high resolution. In each case, replacement of the… (More)