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ILAE classification of the epilepsies: Position paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Classification of the Epilepsies has been updated to reflect our gain in understanding of the epilepsies and their underlying mechanisms following the…
Operational classification of seizure types by the International League Against Epilepsy: Position Paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology
The International League Against Epilepsy presents a revised operational classification of seizure types to recognize that some seizure types can have either a focal or generalized onset, to allow classification when the onset is unobserved, to include some missing seizure types, and to adopt more transparent names.
Clinical and molecular phenotype of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome.
The analysis defines the phenotypic spectrum of AGS and suggests a coherent mutation-screening strategy in this heterogeneous disorder, and indicates that at least one further AGS-causing gene remains to be identified.
Gain-of-function mutations in IFIH1 cause a spectrum of human disease phenotypes associated with upregulated type I interferon signaling
It is demonstrated that aberrant sensing of nucleic acids can cause immune upregulation and heterozygous mutations in the cytosolic double-stranded RNA receptor gene IFIH1 (also called MDA5) cause a spectrum of neuroimmunological features consistently associated with an enhanced interferon state.
Characterization of human disease phenotypes associated with mutations in TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, SAMHD1, ADAR, and IFIH1
- Y. Crow, D. Chase, G. Rice
- Medicine, BiologyAmerican journal of medical genetics. Part A
- 1 February 2015
A robust relationship between mutations in all seven genes with increased type I interferon activity in cerebrospinal fluid and serum, and the increased expression of interferOn‐stimulated gene transcripts in peripheral blood is observed.
Further Delineation of Deletion 1p36 Syndrome in 60 Patients: A Recognizable Phenotype and Common Cause of Developmental Delay and Mental Retardation
These 60 patients with deletion 1p36 represent the largest clinical series to date and provide new information on several aspects of this disorder, which is characterized by neurodevelopmental disability and a recognizable pattern of malformation.
The spectrum of SCN1A-related infantile epileptic encephalopathies.
Knowing of an expanded spectrum of epileptic encephalopathies associated with SCN1A mutations allows earlier diagnostic confirmation for children with these devastating disorders, including cryptogenic generalized epilepsy and cryptogenic focal epilepsy.
Effect of Cannabidiol on Drop Seizures in the Lennox–Gastaut Syndrome
- O. Devinsky, Anup D. Patel, S. Zuberi
- Medicine, PsychologyThe New England journal of medicine
- 16 May 2018
Among children and adults with the Lennox–Gastaut syndrome, the addition of cannabidiol at a dose of 10 mg or 20 mg per kilogram per day to a conventional antiepileptic regimen resulted in greater reductions in the frequency of drop seizures than placebo.
A novel mutation in the human voltage-gated potassium channel gene (Kv1.1) associates with episodic ataxia type 1 and sometimes with partial epilepsy.
A critical review of previously reported EA1 families shows an over-representation of epilepsy in family members with EA1 compared with unaffected members, suggesting that the epilepsy in EA1 may be caused by the dysfunctional potassium channel.