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Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply
More than half of the solar energy absorbed by land surfaces is currently used to evaporate water. Climate change is expected to intensify the hydrological cycle and to alter evapotranspiration, withExpand
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Ecosystem Service Supply and Vulnerability to Global Change in Europe
Global change will alter the supply of ecosystem services that are vital for human well-being. To investigate ecosystem service supply during the 21st century, we used a range of ecosystem models andExpand
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Changes in climate and land use have a larger direct impact than rising CO2 on global river runoff trends
The significant worldwide increase in observed river runoff has been tentatively attributed to the stomatal “antitranspirant” response of plants to rising atmospheric CO2 [Gedney N, Cox PM, Betts RA,Expand
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Carbon and nitrogen cycle dynamics in the O‐CN land surface model: 1. Model description, site‐scale evaluation, and sensitivity to parameter estimates
[1] Nitrogen (N) availability plays a key role in terrestrial biosphere dynamics. To understand and quantify the role of terrestrial N in the Earth system, we developed an advanced terrestrialExpand
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Multiple greenhouse-gas feedbacks from the land biosphere under future climate change scenarios
Atmospheric concentrations of the three important greenhouse gases (GHGs) CO2, CH4 and N2O are mediated by processes in the terrestrial biosphere that are sensitive to climate and CO2. This leads toExpand
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Carbon benefits of anthropogenic reactive nitrogen offset by nitrous oxide emissions
Additions of reactive nitrogen to terrestrial ecosystems have more than doubled since 1860 as a result of human activities. Model simulations suggest that the climatic benefits of nitrogen-inducedExpand
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Greening of the Earth and its drivers
Global environmental change is rapidly altering the dynamics of terrestrial vegetation, with consequences for the functioning of the Earth system and provision of ecosystem services(1,2). Yet howExpand
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Carbon and nitrogen cycle dynamics in the O‐CN land surface model: 2. Role of the nitrogen cycle in the historical terrestrial carbon balance
[1] Global-scale results of the new O-CN terrestrial biosphere model coupling the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles show that the model produces realistic estimates of present-day C and N stocks andExpand
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Terrestrial nitrogen feedbacks may accelerate future climate change
[1] The effects of nitrogen (N) constraints on future terrestrial carbon (C) dynamics are investigated using the O-CN land surface model. The model's responses to elevated [CO 2 ] and soil warmingExpand
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The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the land CO2 sink
The difference is found at the margins The terrestrial biosphere absorbs about a quarter of all anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, but the amount that they take up varies from year to year. Why?Expand
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