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Bite club: comparative bite force in big biting mammals and the prediction of predatory behaviour in fossil taxa
- S. Wroe, C. McHenry, J. Thomason
- Environmental Science, GeographyProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 22 March 2005
Estimated bite force quotient (BFQ) values in two extinct carnivores with morphologies not represented among extant species support arguments that their killing techniques also differed from extant species and are consistent with ‘canine-shear bite’ and ‘stabbing’ models.
Bite forces and evolutionary adaptations to feeding ecology in carnivores.
It is shown that, when normalized for body size, bite forces differ significantly between the various feeding categories, and the incorporation of bite force data may assist in the construction of more robust evolutionary and palaeontological analyses of feeding ecology.
Supermodeled sabercat, predatory behavior in Smilodon fatalis revealed by high-resolution 3D computer simulation
- C. McHenry, S. Wroe, P. Clausen, Karen Moreno, Eleanor Cunningham
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 9 October 2007
It is concluded that prey were brought to ground and restrained before a killing bite, driven in large part by powerful cervical musculature, and that large prey is easier to restrain if its head is secured, the killing bite was most likely directed to the neck.
The craniomandibular mechanics of being human
- S. Wroe, T. Ferrara, C. McHenry, D. Curnoe, U. Chamoli
- BiologyProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 7 December 2010
The findings show that the human masticatory apparatus is highly efficient, capable of producing a relatively powerful bite using low muscle forces, and relative to other members of the superfamily Hominoidea, humans can achieve relatively high bite forces, while overall stresses are reduced.
CONVERGENCE AND REMARKABLY CONSISTENT CONSTRAINT IN THE EVOLUTION OF CARNIVORE SKULL SHAPE
- S. Wroe, N. Milne
- Environmental Science, BiologyEvolution; international journal of organic…
- 1 May 2007
Support for the adaptive paradigm is found, with correlations between morphology, feeding behavior, and bite force, although skull shape better predicted feeding ecology in the phylogenetically diverse marsupial sample than in carnivorans.
Climate change frames debate over the extinction of megafauna in Sahul (Pleistocene Australia-New Guinea)
- S. Wroe, J. Field, S. Mooney
- Environmental Science, GeographyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 6 May 2013
Mounting evidence points to the loss of most species before the peopling of Sahul and a significant role for climate change in the disappearance of the continent’s megafauna.
Why the Long Face? The Mechanics of Mandibular Symphysis Proportions in Crocodiles
The biomechanics of the crocodilian mandible are largely consistent with beam theory and can be predicted from simple morphological measurements, suggesting that crocodilians are a useful model for investigating the palaeobiomechanic of other aquatic tetrapods.
The geologically oldest dasyurid, from the Miocene of Riversleigh, north‐west Queensland
- S. Wroe
- 1 July 1999
A new subfamily, genus and species of Dasyuridae is described on the basis of exceptionally well preserved material from the Miocene of Riversleigh, north-west Queensland. Specimens include the only…
CLADISTIC ANALYSIS OF DASYUROMORPHIAN (MARSUPIALIA) PHYLOGENY USING CRANIAL AND DENTAL CHARACTERS
For some groups, notably Dasyuridae and a dasyurid clade inclusive of all modern subfamilies, the synapomorphic nature of some derived features appears to be robust, even where they also are present in some outgroup taxa.
Computer simulation of feeding behaviour in the thylacine and dingo as a novel test for convergence and niche overlap
- S. Wroe, P. Clausen, C. McHenry, Karen Moreno, Eleanor Cunningham
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 22 November 2007
It is concluded that relative prey size may have been comparable where both species acted as solitary predators, but that the dingo is better adapted to withstand the high extrinsic loads likely to accompany social hunting of relatively large prey.